Signal, Image and Video Processing

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 75–87 | Cite as

Curvelet-based fingerprint anti-spoofing

Original Paper

Abstract

Existing perspiration-based liveness detection algorithms need two successive images (captured in certain time interval), hence they are slow and not useful for real-time applications. Liveness detection methods using extra hardware increase the cost of the system. To alleviate these problems, we propose new curvelet-based method which needs only one fingerprint to detect liveness. Wavelets are very effective in representing objects with isolated point singularities, but fail to represent line and curve singularities. Curvelet transform allows representing singularities along curves in a more efficient way than the wavelets. Ridges oriented in different directions in a fingerprint image are curved; hence curvelets are very significant to characterize fingerprint texture. Textural measures based on curvelet energy and co-occurrence signatures are used to characterize fingerprint image. Dimensionalities of feature sets are reduced by running Pudil’s sequential forward floating selection (SFFS) algorithm. Curvelet energy and co-occurrence signatures are independently tested on three different classifiers: AdaBoost.M1, support vector machine and alternating decision tree. Finally, all the aforementioned classifiers are fused using the “Majority Voting Rule” to form an ensemble classifier. A fingerprint database consisting of 185 real, 90 Fun-Doh and 150 Gummy fingerprints is created by using varieties of artificial materials for casts and moulds of spoof fingerprints. Performance of the new liveness detection approach is found very promising, as it needs only one fingerprint and no extra hardware to detect vitality.

Keywords

Biometrics Curvelet Fingerprints Liveness Spoof Wavelet 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringMotilal Nehru National Institute of TechnologyAllahabadIndia

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