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Archaeologies

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 175–200 | Cite as

Full Spectrum Archaeology

  • Erin A. Hogg
  • John R. Welch
  • Neal Ferris
Research

Abstract

Full spectrum archaeology (FSA) is an aspiration stemming from the convergence of archaeology’s fundamental principles with international heritage policies and community preferences. FSA encompasses study and stewardship of the full range of heritage resources in accord with the full range of associated values and through the application of treatments selected from the full range of appropriate options. Late modern states, including British Columbia, Canada, nominally embrace de jure heritage policies consonant with international standards yet also resist de facto heritage management practice grounded in professional ethics and local values and preferences. In response, inheritor communities and their allies in archaeology are demonstrating the benefits of FSA and reclaiming control over cultural heritage. Archaeology and heritage management driven by altruistic articulation of communal, educational, scientific and other values further expose shortcomings and vulnerabilities of late modern states as well as public goods in and from FSA.

Key words

Archaeological resource management Cultural heritage management History of archaeology International heritage policies 

Résumé

L’archéologie à champ complet (ACC) est une aspiration naissant de la convergence des principes fondamentaux de l’archéologie et des politiques patrimoniales et préférences communautaires mondiales. L’ACC englobe l’étude et l’intendance de toute la gamme des ressources patrimoniales en vertu de la panoplie complète des valeurs connexes, et par la mise en œuvre de procédés sélectionnés parmi toutes les options appropriées à disposition. Des gouvernements modernes tardifs, dont celui de la Colombie-Britannique au Canada, adoptent, en théorie, des politiques patrimoniales qui résonnent de jure avec les normes internationales en vigueur, tout en résistant de facto aux pratiques de gestion patrimoniale ancrées dans la déontologie et les valeurs et préférences locales. En réponse, les communautés héritières et leurs alliées du milieu archéologique démontrent les bienfaits de l’ACC et reprennent le contrôle sur leur patrimoine culturel. L’archéologie et la gestion patrimoniale alimentée par une articulation altruiste de valeurs communes, éducatives, scientifiques et autres exposent plus fortement les lacunes et les vulnérabilités des gouvernements modernes tardifs, ainsi que les biens publics associés à l’ACC et qui en découlent.

Resumen

La Arqueología de Espectro Completo (FSA, por sus siglas en inglés) es una aspiración que surge de la convergencia de principios fundamentales de la arqueología con las políticas internacionales patrimoniales y las preferencias comunitarias. FSA engloba el estudio y la tutela de la gama completa de recursos patrimoniales de acuerdo con la gama completa de valores asociados y mediante la aplicación de tratamientos seleccionados de la gama completa de opciones apropiadas. Los estados tardomodernos, incluida la Columbia Británica (Canadá), adoptan nominalmente de jure políticas patrimoniales en consonancia con los estándares internacionales pero también resisten de facto a la práctica de la gestión patrimonial basada en la ética profesional y en valores y preferencias locales. En respuesta a todo esto, las comunidades herederas y sus aliados en la arqueología están demostrando los beneficios de la FSA y están reclamando el control sobre el patrimonio cultural. La arqueología y la gestión patrimonial impulsadas por la articulación altruista de valores comunales, educativos, científicos y otros exponen las limitaciones y vulnerabilidades de los estados tardomodernos, así como también de los bienes públicos en y desde la FSA.

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Copyright information

© World Archaeological Congress 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Department of Archaeology and School of Resource and Environmental ManagementSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  3. 3.Department of Anthropology and Museum of Ontario ArchaeologyWestern UniversityLondonCanada

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