Right axillary arterial perfusion for descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair with open proximal anastomosis through left thoracotomy
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We examined the effectiveness of right axillary arterial perfusion through an interposed Dacron graft in the prevention of cerebral embolism or complications related to ascending aortic cannulation in open proximal anastomosis technique of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest through left thoracotomy.
Between May 2000 and August 2012, 44 patients underwent TAA or TAAA repair using open proximal technique under DHCA. These patients were divided into two groups for evaluation of the effectiveness of right axillary arterial perfusion. Group A included patients who underwent TAA or TAAA repair with ascending aortic cannulation (n = 15). Group B was composed of patients who had TAA or TAAA repair with right axillary arterial perfusion through the interposed Dacron graft (n = 29).
Mortality in this series was 4.5 % (2 of 44 patients; 1 in each group); wherein, the causes were sepsis due to graft infection and aortic dissection (Stanford type A). The incidence rates of cerebral embolism were 27 % (4 of 15 patients in group A) and 3.4 % (1 of 29 patients in group B) (p = 0.0392, Fisher’s exact test). The rates of complications in relation to the aortic cannulation site (dissection or bleeding) were 13 % (2 of 15 patients in group A) and 0 % (0 of 25 patients in group B).
Right axillary perfusion facilitates easy evacuation of air and allows prompt recommencement of upper body circulation. Consequently, it minimizes the risk of cerebral embolism or complications in relation to aortic cannulation through left thoracotomy.
KeywordsAxillary arterial perfusion Open proximal anastomosis Left thoracotomy Thoracic aortic aneurysm
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