Frying quality and oxidative stability of high-oleic corn oils
- Cite this article as:
- Warner, K. & Knowlton, S. J Amer Oil Chem Soc (1997) 74: 1317. doi:10.1007/s11746-997-0063-7
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To determine the frying stability of corn oils that are genetically modified to contain 65% oleic acid, high-oleic corn oil was evaluated in room odor tests and by total polar compound analysis. Flavor characteristics of french-fried potatoes, prepared in the oil, were also evaluated by trained analytical sensory panelists. In comparison to normal corn oil, hydrogenated corn oil and high-oleic (80 and 90%) sunflower oils, high-oleic corn oil had significantly (P<0.05) lower total polar compound levels after 20 h of oil heating and frying at 190°C than the other oils. Fried-food flavor intensity was significantly higher in the normal corn oil during the early portion of the frying schedule than in any of the high-oleic or hydrogenated oils; however, after 17.5 h of frying, the potatoes fried in normal corn oil had the lowest intensity of fried-food flavor. Corn oil also had the highest intensities of off-odors, including acrid and burnt, in room odor tests. High-oleic corn oil also was evaluated as a salad oil for flavor characteristics and oxidative stability. Results showed that dry-milled high-oleic corn oil had good initial flavor quality and was significantly (P<0.05) more stable than dry-milled normal corn oil after oven storage tests at 60°C, as evaluated by flavor scores and peroxide values. Although the high-oleic corn oil had significantly (P<0.05) better flavor and oxidative stability than corn oil after aging at 60°C, even more pronounced effects were found in high-temperature frying tests, suggesting the advantages of high-oleic corn oil compared to normal or hydrogenated corn oils.