Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

, Volume 88, Issue 9, pp 1387–1395 | Cite as

Antioxidant Activity and Total Phenolics of Propolis from the Basque Country (Northeastern Spain)

  • Josep Serra Bonvehí
  • Arrate Lacalle Gutiérrez
Original Paper


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity (AA) of 19 propolis extracts prepared in different solvent (ethanol and propylene glycol). It was observed that all the samples tested had AA, although results varied considerably between extracts, i.e. 420–1,430 μmol Trolox/g (ABTS), 108–291 mg ascorbic acid/g (DPPH), and 1,573–4,669 μmol iron++ sulfate/g (FRAP). The ethanol may enhance the potency of the AA, and the correlation coefficient between total phenolic content (TPC) (200–340 mg/g propolis extracts) and AA was statistically significant. Total flavonoids ranged from 72 to 161 mg/g propolis extracts. The results indicate that TPC and flavonoids contributed to AA.


Propolis Total phenolic content Total flavonoids content Antioxidant activity Chemical composition 


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Copyright information

© AOCS 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josep Serra Bonvehí
    • 1
  • Arrate Lacalle Gutiérrez
    • 2
  1. 1.Research and Development of Nederland Co.ViladecansSpain
  2. 2.Neiker, Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and DevelopmentDerioSpain

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