Insight into the Enzymatic Degumming Process of Soybean Oil

  • Bo Yang
  • Rong Zhou
  • Ji-Guo Yang
  • Yong-Hua Wang
  • Wei-Fei Wang
Original Paper

Abstract

An enzymatic degumming trial of soybean oil was carried out at a capacity of 400 tons/day by applying microbial phospholipase A1 from Thermomyces lanuginosus/Fusarium oxysporum. When the pH was kept in the range of 4.8–5.1, less than 10 mg/kg of phosphorous content of The oil was obtained. The gum and oil were easily separated after centrifugation and the oil loss was minimal under the process conditions. Through analysis of phospholipids compounds in the gum by Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometer and phosphorous content, it could be seen that both glycerophospholipids and lysophospholipids existed with contents of 45.7 and 54.3%, respectively. The performance of enzymatic degumming was found to be related to the production of glycerophospholipids.

Keywords

Enzymatic degumming Phospholipase Soybean oil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work described in this report was supported by research grants from Novozymes China and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20506007 and 20706021).

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Copyright information

© AOCS 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bo Yang
    • 1
  • Rong Zhou
    • 1
  • Ji-Guo Yang
    • 1
  • Yong-Hua Wang
    • 2
  • Wei-Fei Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Bioscience and BioengineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Light Industry and Food SciencesSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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