Lipids

, Volume 34, Issue 12, pp 1243–1271

Lipids in human milk

Review

Abstract

I have reviewed recent (March 1995–December 1997) papers on human milk lipids including many on fatty acid (FA) composition. The effects of maternal diets on the profiles are apparent. However, more data on the composition of milk lipids are needed. It is noteworthy that so few papers on milk FA composition have reported analyses using high-resolution gas-liquid chromatography columns. Two of these were on milk from women in North America. The diets in North America are varied and the number of analyses few. We do not have a reliable data base showing the ranges of biologically important acids. Except for the gangliosides, few new data on the other lipids appeared during this period.

Abbreviations

BSSL

bile salt-stimulated lipase

C

cholesterol

CE

cholesteryl ester

CLA

conjugated linoleic acid

DHA

docosahexaenoic acid

DG

diglyceride, diacylglycerol

FA

fatty acid

FAME

fatt acid methyl ester

FFA

free fatty acid

GLC

gas-liquid chromatography

HODE

hydroxyoctadecadienoic

HPLC

high-performance liquid chromatography

LBSA

lipid-bound sialic acid

LCPUF

long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids

LDL

low density lipoproteins

MG

monoglyceride, monoacylglycerol

MLGM

milk lipid globule membrane

MP

melting point

MMP

mean melting point

MS

mass spectrometry

PL

phospholipid

PUFA

polyunsaturated fatty acid

TG

triglyceride, triacylglycerol

TLC

thin-layer chromatography

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Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of ConnecticutStorrs

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