, Volume 50, Issue 11, pp 1057–1068 | Cite as

Acyl-Trafficking During Plant Oil Accumulation



Vegetable oils are an extremely important agricultural commodity. Their use has risen inexorably for the last 50 years and will undoubtedly be even more prevalent in the future. They have a role not only in foodstuffs but also as renewable chemicals. However, our understanding of their metabolism, and particularly its control, is incomplete. In this article we highlight current knowledge and its deficiencies. In particular, we focus on the important role that phosphatidylcholine plays in lipid accumulation and in influencing the quality of the vegetable oils produced.


Oil crops Triacylglycerol biosynthesis Kennedy pathway Phosphatidylcholine Metabolic control 



Acetyl-CoA carboxylase


Acyl carrier protein


Cytidine diphosphate-choline






Diacylglycerol acyltransferase


Endoplasmic reticulum


Fatty acid desaturase


Fatty acid synthase


Fatty acyl-ACP thioesterase


Fatty acid export 1


sn-Glycerol 3-phosphate


Glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase




Glycerophosphocholine acyltransferase


β-Ketoacyl-ACP synthase


Long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase


Lysophosphatidic acid


Lysophosphatidate acyltransferase




Lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase


Lysophosphatidylcholine transacylase




Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate)


Nonesterified fatty acid (free fatty acid)


Phosphatidic acid (PtdOH)


Phosphatidate phosphohydrolase


Phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase


Phosphatidylcholine:diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase


Phospholipase A


Phospholipase C


Phospholipase D








Polyunsaturated fatty acid


Reduced oleate desaturation 1




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Copyright information

© AOCS 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alberta Innovates Phytola Centre, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional ScienceUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.School of BiosciencesCardiff UniversityCardiffWales, UK
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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