Lipids

, Volume 41, Issue 7, pp 655–662

Soy protein containing isoflavones favorably influences macrophage lipoprotein metabolism but not the development of atherosclerosis in CETP transgenic mice

  • Leiko Asakura
  • Patrícia M. Cazita
  • Lila M. Harada
  • Valéria S. Nunes
  • Jairo A. Berti
  • Alessandro G. Salerno
  • Daniel F. J. Ketelhuth
  • Magnus Gidlund
  • Helena C. F. Oliveria
  • Eder C. R. Quintão
Articles

Abstract

The possibility that soy protein containing isoflavones influences the development of experimental atherosclerosis has been investigated in ovariectomized mice heterozygous for the human CETP transgene and for the LDL-receptor null allele (LDLr+/− CETP+/−). After ovariectomy at 8 wk of age they were fed a fat/cholesterol-rich diet for 19 wk and divided into three experimental groups: dietary unmodified soy protein containing isoflavones (mg/g of diet), either at low-dose (Iso Low, 0.272, n=25), or at high-dose (Iso High, 0.535, n=28); and the atherogenic diet containing an isoflavone-depleted alcohol-washed soy protein as a control group (n=28). Aortic root lipid-stained lesion area (mean μm2×103±SD) did not differ among Iso Low (12.3±9.9), Iso High (7.4±6.4), and controls (10.7±12.8). Autoantibody titers against plasma oxidized LDL did not differ among the experimental groups. Using the control mice as the reference value (100%), in vitro mouse peritoneal macrophage uptake of labeled acetylated LDL-cholesterol was lower in the Iso High (68%) than in the Iso Low (85%) group. The in vitro percent removal by exogenous HDL of labeled unesterified cholesterol from macrophages previously enriched with human [4-14C]-cholesteryl oleate acetylated LDL was enhanced in the Iso High group (50%). In spite of these in vitro potentially antiatherogenic actions, soy protein containing isoflavones did not modify the average size of lipid-stained area in the aortic root.

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Copyright information

© AOCS Press 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leiko Asakura
    • 1
  • Patrícia M. Cazita
    • 1
  • Lila M. Harada
    • 1
  • Valéria S. Nunes
    • 1
  • Jairo A. Berti
    • 2
  • Alessandro G. Salerno
    • 2
  • Daniel F. J. Ketelhuth
    • 3
  • Magnus Gidlund
    • 3
  • Helena C. F. Oliveria
    • 2
  • Eder C. R. Quintão
    • 1
  1. 1.Lipids LabUniversity of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and BiophysicsBiology Institute at State University of Campinas (UNICAMP)São PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of ImmunologyBiomedical Sciences Institute at the University of São PauloBrazil
  4. 4.São PauloBrazil

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