Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 305–311 | Cite as

Ethoxy Carboxylate Extended Surfactant: Micellar, Adsorption and Adsolubilization Properties

  • Noulkamol Arpornpong
  • Ampira Charoensaeng
  • David A. Sabatini
  • Sutha Khaodhiar
Original Article

Abstract

The micellar, adsorption, and adsolubilization properties of a novel ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant are measured and compared to an extended sulfate surfactant. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) of the ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant is measured to be 0.02 mM while it is 0.07 mM for the extended sulfate surfactant. Adsorption and adsolubilization studies are carried out on alumina oxide surfaces. The extended sulfate surfactant has a higher maximum adsorption capacity onto the aluminum than the ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant (0.47 vs. 0.14 mmol/g, respectively). For adsolubilization, the extended sulfate surfactant shows a slightly higher phenanthrene adsolubilization compared to the ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant (log Kadm of 6.15 vs. 5.71, respectively). In contrast, for solubilization, the ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant exhibits higher phenanthrene solubilization capacities than the extended sulfate surfactant (log Kmic of 5.61 vs. 5.42, respectively). Relative to surfactant loss from the solid surface, the ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant shows a higher desorption capacity as compared to the extended sulfate surfactant. From these measurements, the ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant has better properties for micellar applications (lower CMC, higher Kmic), while the extended sulfate surfactant has better properties for admicellar applications (higher qmax and Kadm values, and less desorption).

Keywords

Ethoxy carboxylate extended surfactant Admicelle Adsolubilization Adsorption Desorption Solubilization 

References

  1. 1.
    Minána-Perez M, Graciaa A, Lachaise J, Salager JL (1995) Solubilization of polar oils with extended surfactants. Colloid Surf A 100:217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fernández A, Scorzza C, Usubillaga A, Salager JL (2005) Synthesis of new extended surfactants containing a carboxylate or sulfate polar group. J Surfactants Deterg 8:187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fernández A, Scorzza C, Usubillaga A, Salager JL (2005) Synthesis of new extended surfactants containing a xylitol polar group. J Surfactants Deterg 8:193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Witthayapanyanon A, Acosta EJ, Harwell JH, Sabatini DA (2006) Formulation of ultralow interfacial tension systems using extended surfactants. J Surfactants Deterg 9:331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Witthayapanyanon A, Harwell JH, Sabatini DA (2008) Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Deviation (HLD) method for characterizing conventional and extended surfactants. J Colloid Interface Sci 325:259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Witthayapanyanon A, Phan TT, Heitmann TC, Harwell JH, Sabatini DA (2009) Interfacial properties of extended-surfactant-based microemulsions and related macroemulsions. J Surfactants Deterg. doi:10.1007/s11743-009-1151-5
  7. 7.
    Charoensaeng A, Sabatini DA, Khaodhiar S (2008) Styrene solubilization and adsolubilization on an aluminum oxide surface using linker molecules and extended surfactants. J Surfactants Deterg 11:61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Charoensaeng A, Sabatini DA, Khaodhiar S (2009) Solubilization and adsolubilization of polar and nonpolar organic solutes by linker molecules and extended surfactants. J Surfactants Deterg 12:209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Velásquez J, Scorzza C, Vejar F, Forgiarini AM, Antón RE, Salager JL (2009) Effect of temperature and other variables on the optimum formulation of anionic extended surfactant–alkane–brine systems. J Surfactants Deterg 13:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Salager JL, Antón RE, Sabatini DA, Harwell JH, Acosta EJ, Tolosa LI (2005) Enhancing solubilization in microemulsions—state of the art and current trends. J Surfactant Deterg 8:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Salager JL, Scorzza C, Forgiarini AM, Arandia MA, Pietrangeli G, Manchego L, Vejar F (2008) Amphiphilic mixtures versus surfactant structures with smooth polarity transition across interface to improve solubilization performance. 7th World Surfactant Congress, ParisGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rosen MJ (1989) Surfactants and interfacial phenomena. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Harwell JH, O’Rear EA (1989) Adsorbed surfactant bilayers as two-dimensional solvents (chap 7). In: Scamehorn JF, Harwell JH (eds) Admicellar-enhanced chromatography. Marcel Dekker, New York, p 155Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    O’Haver JH, Lobban LL, Harwell JH, O’Rear EA (1995) Adsolubilization (chap 8). In: Christian SD, Scamehorn JF (eds) Solubilization in surfactant aggregates. Marcel Dekker, New York, p 277Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kitiyanan B, O’Haver JH, Harwell JH, Osuwan S (1996) Adsolubilization of styrene and isoprene in cetyltrimethylammonium bromide admicelle on precipitated silica. Langmuir 12:2162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Paria S (2003) Studies on surfactant adsorption at the cellulose-water interface. Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Paria S, Khilar KC (2004) A review on experimental studies of surfactant adsorption at the hydrophilic solid–water interface. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 110:75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Adak A, Bandyopadhyay M, Pal A (2005) Adsorption of anionic surfactant on alumina and reuse of the surfactant-modified alumina for the removal of crystal violet from aquatic environment. J Environ Sci Health Part A Toxic/Hazard Subst Environ Eng 40:167Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang R, Somasundaran P (2006) Advances in adsorption of surfactants and their mixtures at solid/solution interfaces. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 123:213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fuangsawasdi A, Charoensaeng A, Sabatini DA, Scamehorn JF, Acosta JE, Osathaphan K, Khaodhiar S (2006) Mixtures of anionic and cationic surfactants with single and twin head groups: solubilization and adsolubilization of styrene and ethylcyclohexane. J Surfactants Deterg 9:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Saphanuchart W, Saiwan C, O’Haver JH (2007) Effect of adsolubilized solutes on 2-D structure of cationic admicelles. Colloids Surf A 307:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pongprayoon T, Yanumet N, O’Rear EA (2002) Admicellar polymerization of styrene on cotton. J Colloid Interface Sci 249:227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Attaphong C (2006) Adsorption and adsolubilization using polymerizable surfactants onto aluminum oxide surface. Master’s Thesis, Environmental Management Program, Graduate School, Chulalongkorn UniversityGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Asnachinda E, Khaodhiar S, Sabatini DA (2009) Effect of ionic head group on admicelle formation by polymerizable surfactants. J Surfactants Deterg 12:379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sun S, Jaffé PR (1996) Sorption of phenanthrene from water onto alumina coated with dianionic surfactants. Environ Sci Technol 30:2906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhu L, Feng S (2003) Synergistic solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by mixed anionic-nonionic surfactants. Chemosphere 53:459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Fuangswasdi A, Charoensaeng A, Sabatini DA, Scamehorn JF, Acosta JE, Osathaphan K, Khaodhiar S (2006) Mixtures of anionic and cationic surfactants with single and twin head groups: adsorption and precipitation studies. J Surfactants Deterg 9:21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Klbbey TCG, Hayes KF (1993) Partitioning and UV absorption studies of phenanthrene on cationic surfactant-coated silica. Envlron Sci Technol 27:2168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Saphanuchart W, Saiwan C, O’Haver JH (2008) Temperature effects on adsolubilization of aromatic solutes partitioning to different regions in cationic admicelles. Colloid Surf A 317:303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Doan T, Acosta E, Scamehorn JF, Sabatini DA (2003) Formulating middle-phase microemulsions using mixed anionic and cationic surfactant systems. J Surfactants Deterg 6:215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Graciaa A, Creux P, Lachaise J, Salager JL (2000) Zeta potential at an air-water surface related to the critical micelle concentration of aqueous mixed surfactant systems. Ind Eng Chem Res 39:2677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Dickson J, O’Haver JH (2002) Adsolubilization of naphthalene and α-naphthol in CnTAB admicelles. Langmuir 18:9171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tan Y, O’Haver JH (2004) Lipophilic linker impact on adsorption of and styrene adsolubilization in polyethoxylated octylphenols. Colloid Surf A 232:101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Nayyar SP, Sabatini DA, Harwell JH (1994) Surfactant adsolubilization and modified admicellar sorption of nonpolar, polar, and ionizable organic contaminants. Environ Sci Technol 28:1874CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© AOCS 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noulkamol Arpornpong
    • 1
  • Ampira Charoensaeng
    • 1
  • David A. Sabatini
    • 2
  • Sutha Khaodhiar
    • 3
  1. 1.National Center of Excellence for Environmental and Hazardous Waste ManagementChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Schools of Civil Engineering and Environmental ScienceUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  3. 3.Department of Environmental EngineeringChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations