Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 195–199

Emulsion Properties and Phase Equilibrium and of New Asymmetric Gemini Surfactants Consisting of Fatty Acid Esters of Polyethoxylated Alcohol or Phenol

Original Article


The emulsion and phase properties of water-surfactant systems are reported for nonionic surface active compounds of the asymmetrical gemini type resulting from the esterification of a polyethoxylated alcohol and a fatty acid. These products exhibit typical gemini surfactant properties, in particular, low critical micelle concentration (CMC) and good emulsifying properties, and they often form a gel depending on the temperature and concentration.


Surfactants Esters Gemini Phase behavior Emulsion 


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Copyright information

© AOCS 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Heavy Organic Synthesis “Blachownia”Kędzierzyn-KoźlePoland

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