Production Engineering

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 181–188 | Cite as

Residual stresses in parts manufactured by near-net-shape-blanking

  • Jens StahlEmail author
  • Daniel Müller
  • Thomas Tobie
  • Roland Golle
  • Wolfram Volk
  • Karsten Stahl
Production Process


Near-net-shape-blanking processes enable to manufacture functional surfaces in a single manufacturing step, which offers great potential in the production of gears, for example. Among these processes are fineblanking, blanking with a small die clearance, blanking with a v-ring, precision blanking with and without a blank holder. All of these are able to produce almost identical cut-surfaces, this means a high proportion of clean-shear almost without a fracture zone, but plastic deformation in the shearing zone varies due to the different tool setups. Therefore, the residual stresses in the produced parts, which are highly relevant for the fatigue behavior of shear-cut gears, vary as well. These process-induced residual stresses are addressed in this paper. First, sheet metal strips made of S355MC (1.0976) were subjected to a stress relief heat treatment to get a defined and low initial residual stress state. Afterwards, a circular hole was cut in the strips by the five different blanking processes. The cut surfaces of the thus produced parts were measured as well as the hardness. The residual stresses in tangential and axial direction were measured for a depth of up to 0.34 mm by X-ray diffraction. Finally, a comparison between the different manufacturing techniques regarding the residual stresses is carried out.


Residual stresses Near-net-shape-blanking Fineblanking Precision blanking 



This work is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) - VO 1487/30-1; STA 1198/13-1, and is part of the DFG-priority program “Targeted Use of Forming Induced Residual Stresses in Metal Components (SPP2013)”.


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Copyright information

© German Academic Society for Production Engineering (WGP) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair of Metal Forming and Casting (utg)Technical University of MunichGarchingGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Machine Elements (FZG)Technical University of MunichGarchingGermany

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