Production Engineering

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 335–343 | Cite as

Thixoforging of particle-reinforced steel materials

  • Bernd-Arno Behrens
  • Conrad FrischkornEmail author
Production Process


The paper deals with a new process chain consisting of powder metallurgy (PM) and a subsequent thixoforging process. This innovative production process can increase the complexity of PM components and enable a high formability of brittle materials such as metal matrix composites (MMC). Compared to conventional materials MMCs feature improved mechanical properties and thus a high potential for various applications. In this investigation cylindrical raw parts, consisting of a steel powder and different proportions of titanium carbide particles, were produced by uniaxial powder pressing and sintering. Subsequently, the samples were heated up to the thixotropic (semi-solid) temperature range and valve parts were thixoforged by a backwards rod extrusion process. Finally, the particle-reinforced steel parts were characterised by metallographic analysis and hardness measurements.


Thixoforging Powder metallurgy (PM) Particle-reinforced steel materials Metal matrix composite (MMC) 



The presented results are based on the framework of the research project “Production of complex geometries of particle reinforced steel materials by powder compaction followed by thixoforging”. The authors would like to thank the German Research Foundation (DFG) for the financial support and Quebec Metal Powders Limited (Rio Tinto) for cooperating and providing the steel powder.


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Copyright information

© German Academic Society for Production Engineering (WGP) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Forming Technology and Machines (IFUM)Leibniz Universität HannoverGarbsenGermany

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