Production Engineering

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 263–272 | Cite as

Analysis of friction between stainless steel sheets and machine hammer peened structured tool surfaces: experimental and numerical investigation of the lubricated interaction gap

  • F. Klocke
  • D. TrauthEmail author
  • F. Schongen
  • A. Shirobokov
Production Process


Forming of stainless steel with stringent requirements on surface integrity is currently realized using protective foils as a separating agent between tools and workpiece. The protective foils are applied with special machines and need to be removed after the forming process or at the end customer. This approach has pronounced economic and ecological disadvantages. Alternative tribological systems for a foil free forming are insufficiently researched and not yet reliably applicable in a production process. Recent developments in the field of machine hammer peening motivate the investigation of surface modifications for foil free sheet metal forming. The research question of this paper is: under which tribological boundary conditions do structured tool surfaces provide a total separation of tools and workpiece? The performed research work is based on experimental analyses investigating the friction behavior of surface structured tools. Numerical simulations of normal and sliding contact using finite element method enable the investigation of the lubricated interaction gap in order to identify significant tribological process parameters.


Foil-free Forming Stainless steel Surface structures Finite element method Machine hammer peening 



The authors would like to thank the European Union, Investing in our Future, European Regional Development Fund within the Initiative Ziel2.NRW for partly funding this research work. Further, we express our gratitude to the following industrial partners for their support in conducting the experiments cited in this paper: accurapuls GmbH, Miele Cie. & KG, Outokumpu Nirosta GmbH.


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Copyright information

© German Academic Society for Production Engineering (WGP) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Klocke
    • 1
  • D. Trauth
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Schongen
    • 1
  • A. Shirobokov
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Machine Tools and Production Engineering (WZL) RWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

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