Management of peripheral arterial disease in the modern era: an internist “Cup of Tea”
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Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), intended as the atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities, represents a relevant vascular condition which has been estimated to affect more than 200 million people worldwide . Epidemiological data showed how prevalence and incidence sharply increase with age, affecting a substantial proportion of elderly and very elderly subjects (> 20% in subjects > 80 years old), both referring to symptomatic and asymptomatic clinical presentation .
In the 2017 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on the management of PAD  the term ‘peripheral arterial diseases’ has been extended to include a pathological condition of any vascular site. Conversely, to indicate the classical PAD, the term ‘Lower Extremity Arterial Disease’ (LEAD) has been preferred.
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- 2.Aboyans V, Ricco J-B, Bartelink M-LEL et al (2018) 2017 ESC guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral arterial diseases, in collaboration with the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS). Eur Heart J 39:763–816. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehx095 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar