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Internal and Emergency Medicine

, Volume 11, Issue 7, pp 959–967 | Cite as

Presence of portal vein thrombosis in liver cirrhosis is strongly associated with low levels of ADAMTS-13: a pilot study

  • Stefano Lancellotti
  • Maria Basso
  • Vito Veca
  • Monica Sacco
  • Laura Riccardi
  • Maurizio Pompili
  • Raimondo De CristofaroEmail author
IM - ORIGINAL

Abstract

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) dramatically changes the prognosis of cirrhotic patients, especially those waiting for liver transplantation. However, the possible contribution to PVT of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and ADAMTS-13 is poorly documented. The aim of our study was to assess the presence of alterations of VWF and ADAMTS-13 serum levels in cirrhotic patients with PVT. Twenty-four patients with PVT (group PVT) and 60 without PVT (group without PVT) were enrolled. A comprehensive analysis of biochemical and hemostatic parameters was performed. ADAMTS-13 activity was significantly lower in group A (median 16.8 vs. 69.1 %, p = 0.0047). Group PVT, compared to group without PVT, showed a significantly higher VWF:act, (median 308.4 vs 203.3 %, p = 0.032), whereas no difference was observed for VWF:Ag, FVIII level and the presence of risk factors for venous thromboembolism. No correlation was found between the Child–Pugh score and ADAMTS-13 activity. In multivariable logistic regression analysis performed on data concerning both group PVT and without PVT, only the ADAMTS-13 activity (p = 0.007) was independently and inversely associated with PVT. In conclusion, ADAMTS-13 activity is independently associated with PVT in cirrhotic patients.

Keywords

Cirrhosis Portal vein thrombosis ADAMTS-13 von Willebrand factor 

Abbreviations

PVT

Portal vein thrombosis

VWF

von Willebrand factor

ADAMTS-13

A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin 1 repeats Nr. 13

VTE

Venous thromboembolism

VWF:act

VWF activity

VWF:Ag

VWF antigen

UL-VWF

Ultralarge VWF

PT

Prothrombin time

APTT

Activated partial thromboplastin time

Notes

Acknowledgments

RDC gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Ministry of University and Research of Italy (MIUR-Linea D1 2013–2014). No writing support was provided.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement of human and animal rights

The procedures and the experiments performed in this investigation respected the ethical standards in the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 and 2008, as well as the Ethical Committee regulations of the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart.

Informed consent

Patients admitted at the “Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli” received systematic information about the use of de-identified anonymous data for the purpose of retrospective studies.

Supplementary material

11739_2016_1467_MOESM1_ESM.docx (30 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 30 kb)

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Copyright information

© SIMI 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Lancellotti
    • 1
  • Maria Basso
    • 1
  • Vito Veca
    • 1
  • Monica Sacco
    • 1
  • Laura Riccardi
    • 2
  • Maurizio Pompili
    • 2
  • Raimondo De Cristofaro
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Oncology and Haematology, Institute of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Center for Hemorrhagic and Thrombotic Diseases and Haemophilia Center, “A. Gemelli” HospitalCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Digestive, Endocrine and Metabolic System, Institute of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, “A. Gemelli” HospitalCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly

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