Internal and Emergency Medicine

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 657–662 | Cite as

Effects on health of air pollution: a narrative review

  • Pier Mannuccio Mannucci
  • Sergio Harari
  • Ida Martinelli
  • Massimo Franchini


Air pollution is a complex and ubiquitous mixture of pollutants including particulate matter, chemical substances and biological materials. There is growing awareness of the adverse effects on health of air pollution following both acute and chronic exposure, with a rapidly expanding body of evidence linking air pollution with an increased risk of respiratory (e.g., asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer) and cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infarction, heart failure, cerebrovascular accidents). Elderly subjects, pregnant women, infants and people with prior diseases appear especially susceptible to the deleterious effects of ambient air pollution. The main diseases associated with exposure to air pollutants will be summarized in this narrative review.


Air pollution Health effects Cardiovascular Respiratory 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement of human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human and animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent



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Copyright information

© SIMI 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pier Mannuccio Mannucci
    • 1
  • Sergio Harari
    • 2
  • Ida Martinelli
    • 1
  • Massimo Franchini
    • 3
  1. 1.A. Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis CenterIRCCS Ca’ Granda Maggiore Policlinico Hospital FoundationMilanItaly
  2. 2.San Giuseppe Hospital MultiMedicaMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Transfusion Medicine and HematologyCarlo Poma HospitalMantuaItaly

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