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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, 41:191 | Cite as

Different tolerance of photosynthetic apparatus to Cd stress in two rice cultivars with the same leaf Cd accumulation

  • Yang-Er ChenEmail author
  • Hao-Tian Mao
  • Nan Wu
  • Ahsin Khan
  • Atta Mohi Ud Din
  • Chun-Bang Ding
  • Zhong-Wei Zhang
  • Shu Yuan
  • Ming YuanEmail author
Original Article
  • 87 Downloads

Abstract

In plants, cadmium (Cd) is regarded as one of the most toxic metals and affects many physiological and biochemical processes. To investigate the effects of Cd on photosynthesis and antioxidant system of japonica and indica rice cultivars, Wuyu 21 (WY21) and IIyou 808 (IIY808) seedlings were exposed to different concentrations of Cd for 7 days. Our results indicated that Cd treatments resulted in the significant decrease in photosynthetic capacity and the obvious oxidative damage in WY21 and IIY808. Although Cd contents in the leaves and stem had no obvious difference between WY21 and IIY808 under Cd stress, japonica cultivar WY21 showed higher Cd contents of roots and photosynthetic efficiency compared with indica cultivar IIY808 under Cd stress. In contrast, the lower generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death were observed in WY21 relative to IIY808. However, almost all antioxidant enzymes activities and the concentrations of four antioxidants showed no significant differences between WY21 and IIY808. Furthermore, the severe oxidative damage in IIY808 was accompanied by the marked decline in the levels of two photosystem II (PSII) proteins (D2 and D1) under high concentration of Cd. In conclusion, we concluded that high Cd resistance in japonica cultivar WY21 is probably attributed to the high photosynthesis under Cd stress.

Keywords

Cadmium Resistance Rice Oxidative damage Photosynthesis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was obtained to support by Xichang Municipal Science and Technology Program (18JSYJ09), Sichuan Province Academic and Technical Leaders Fund, and Sichuan Science and Technology Program (2018HH0129).

Supplementary material

11738_2019_2981_MOESM1_ESM.docx (694 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 694 kb)

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yang-Er Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hao-Tian Mao
    • 1
  • Nan Wu
    • 1
  • Ahsin Khan
    • 1
  • Atta Mohi Ud Din
    • 1
  • Chun-Bang Ding
    • 1
  • Zhong-Wei Zhang
    • 2
  • Shu Yuan
    • 2
  • Ming Yuan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesSichuan Agricultural UniversityYa’anChina
  2. 2.College of Resources Science and TechnologySichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina

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