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Contributions of radiation interception and radiation-use efficiency to biomass decrease due to potassium starvation depend on potassium deficiency intensities

  • Yonghui Pan
  • Zhifeng Lu
  • Xiaokun Li
  • Rihuan Cong
  • Tao RenEmail author
  • Jianwei Lu
Original Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Yield loss due to insufficient potassium fertilizer supply has been well documented; however, the information about the negative effect of potassium deficiency on crop yield caused by ecophysiological determinants is not enough. A field experiment with three K treatments (severe K deficiency treatment, K1; moderate K deficiency treatment, K2; and sufficient K supply treatment, K3) was conducted to (1) assess the effects of potassium deficiency on green leaf area index (GLAI) reduction; (2) quantify the contributions of single leaf area, leaf senescence, and leaf appearance to GLAI reduction under potassium deficiency; (3) reveal the changes in the contributions of accumulated radiation interception (RIacc) and radiation-use efficiency (RUE) to above-ground biomass (AM) decrease of oilseed rape under different K supplies. GLAI was restrained due to potassium deficiency, with a reduction ranging from 10.6 to 45.4%. The reduced single leaf area and accelerated leaf senescence caused by potassium starvation accounted for 5.9–23.7% and 2.4–29.0% reduction in GLAI, but delayed leaf appearance rate contributed little. The RIacc during the seedling stage in the K1, K2, and K3 treatments was 101.2, 110.7, and 120.0 MJ m− 2, respectively, and the RUE in the K1, K2, and K3 treatments was 1.03, 2.22, and 2.98 g MJ− 1, respectively, which caused a 61.7% and 48.2% reduction of the final harvested AM in the K1 and K2 treatments compared with the K3 treatment. When AM reduction was less than 24.8%, RIacc was the main determining factor; however, it transferred to RUE when biomass decreased more. In conclusion, GLAI decreased due to potassium starvation was mainly caused by the reduced single leaf area and accelerated leaf senescence, and the relative contribution of RIacc and RUE to AM decline was related to the degree of potassium deficiency.

Keywords

Potassium deficiency Radiation interception Radiation use efficiency Oilseed rape 

Abbreviations

AM

Above-ground biomass

f

Fractional photosynthetically active radiation interception

GLAI

Green leaf area index

k

Light extinction coefficient

La

Accelerated leaf senescence

LAI

Leaf area index

Ld

Delayed leaf appearance rate

Lr

Reduced size of individual leaf areas

PAR

Daily photosynthetically active radiation

PARa

Daily PAR intercepted by the oilseed rape canopy

Pn

Net photosynthesis rate per unit leaf area

RIacc

Accumulated intercepted radiation

RUE

Radiation-use efficiency

S1, 2, and 3

Stage 1, 2, and 3

Ta

Daily mean temperature

Tb

Base temperature

TT

Thermal times

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31672231) and the earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System (CARS-12).

Supplementary material

11738_2019_2834_MOESM1_ESM.doc (603 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 603 KB)

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yonghui Pan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhifeng Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaokun Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rihuan Cong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tao Ren
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jianwei Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Microelement Research of CenterHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Arable Land Conservation (Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River)Ministry of AgricultureWuhanChina

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