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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, 40:208 | Cite as

Physiological and anatomical response of foliar silicon application to Dendrocalamus brandisii plantlet leaves under chilling

  • Hui Zhan
  • Li-ya Zhang
  • Lin Deng
  • Zhao-hui Niu
  • Mao-biao Li
  • Chang-ming Wang
  • Shuguang WangEmail author
Original Article
  • 92 Downloads

Abstract

The physiological and anatomical responses of different concentrations (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 mM sodium silicate) of Si foliar-application in improving the chilling tolerance of Dendrocalamus brandisii plantlets were investigated. The Si-supplemented D. brandisii plantlets exhibited better chilling tolerance, associated with the enhancement of photosynthetic pigment and soluble sugar and starch content, increasing CAT and SOD activities and decreasing MDA and H2O2 level, as well as thicker leaf blades and mesophyll tissues. Furthermore, distinct changes in phytolith morphology were observed, including formation of a new phytolith morphotype (dumb-bell with nodular shark), significantly higher frequency of elongated phytoliths, and the increased length of elongated and elliptical phytoliths. Results indicated the physiological and anatomical response showed weak positive linkage with increasing amount of silicon applied, and the 1.0 mM sodium silicate on D. brandisii plantlet leaves was the most effective treatment in enhancing chilling tolerance.

Keywords

Dendrocalamus brandisii Physiological response Anatomical response Silicon Application 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was funded by National Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31460169 and 31560196); Yunnan Provincial Joint Special Project for Basic Research in Agriculture (No. 2017FG001-092); Yunnan Provincial Key Disciplines (Biology) Construction Project (No. 50097505) and PhD Candidate Innovation Project supported by Forestry First Discipline Degree program of Southwest Forestry University.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Zhan
    • 1
  • Li-ya Zhang
    • 1
  • Lin Deng
    • 1
  • Zhao-hui Niu
    • 1
  • Mao-biao Li
    • 1
  • Chang-ming Wang
    • 1
  • Shuguang Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Southwest Forestry UniversityKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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