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Response of photosynthetic performance, water relations and osmotic adjustment to salinity acclimation in two wheat cultivars

  • Hanafey F. MaswadaEmail author
  • M. Djanaguiraman
  • P. V. V. Prasad
Original Article

Abstract

Experiment was conducted to identify the impacts of the salinity acclimation process on the photosynthetic efficiency, osmotic adjustment, membrane integrity, and yield components in two wheat cultivars differing in their salinity tolerance. The design of the experiment was factorial randomized block, where genotype is factor 1 and acclimation treatments represent factor 2. Genotypes were grown from emergence to 30 days after sowing (DAS) by irrigating with tap water [electrical conductivity (EC) of 0.776 dS m−1]. Thereafter, both the genotypes were divided into two groups and exposed to either irrigation with sublethal level of salinity EC of 2.09 or 3.76 dS m−1 for 21 days. At booting stage (65 DAS), both groups were subjected to lethal level of salinity stress EC of 12 dS m−1 for 21 days, followed by irrigation with tap water till maturity. Non-acclimated plants were irrigated with tap water from emergence to 65 days, then directly irrigated with lethal level of salinity for 21 days, followed by irrigation with tap water till maturity. The control plants were continuously irrigated with tap water from emergence until maturity. The non-acclimated plants had decreased electron transport rates at the donor and acceptor side of PSII and PSI in Giza 168, and decreased electron transport rates at PSII acceptor side in Sakha 8 compared to control plants. In both genotypes, the non-acclimated plants had decreased chlorophyll a, b, carotenoid, proline and total soluble sugar concentration, relative water content, membrane stability index, yield and yield components compared with acclimated plants. While, osmotic potential and lipid peroxidation showed an opposite trend. Overall, acclimation treatment (EC of 2.09 dS m−1) during vegetative stage alleviated the inhibitory effects of lethal level of salinity stress at booting stage through enhanced photosynthetic efficiency and osmotic adjustment, resulting in increased membrane integrity, biomass production and grain yield than in non-acclimated plants.

Keywords

Salinity acclimation OJIP test Photosynthetic performance Water relations Osmotic adjustment Wheat 

Abbreviations

PSII

Photosystem II

PSI

Photosystem I

QA

The primary plastoquinone electron acceptor of PSII

QB

The secondary plastoquinone electron acceptor of PSII

ABS

Absorption of light by PSII antenna pigments

TRo

Trapping energy: primary photochemistry—reducing pheophytin and quinone A

ETo

Electron transport after QA to intersystem electron acceptors

REo

Reduction of end acceptors at PSI electron acceptor side

Fv = Fm − Fo

Maximal variable fluorescence

RC/ABS

The density of photosynthetic active reaction centers on chlorophyll basis

DAS

Days after sowing

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Egyptian Cultural Affairs & Mission Sector and Tanta University, Egypt to Dr. H.F. Maswada. Dr. M. Djanaguiraman thank Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India, for permitting him to conduct postdoctoral research at Kansas State University. Mention of trademark or proprietary product does not constitute a guarantee or warranty of the product by Kansas State University and does not imply its approval to the exclusion of other products, which may also be suitable.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Botany, Faculty of AgricultureTanta UniversityTantaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  3. 3.Department of Crop PhysiologyTamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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