Comparative proteomic analysis reveals differential protein and energy metabolisms from two tobacco cultivars in response to cold stress
- 352 Downloads
Low temperature is an important abiotic stress for plant development and has serious effects on crop production. Because tobacco is sensitive to low temperature, it is suitable for analyzing the mechanisms of cold response in plants. In the current study, NC567 and Taiyan8, two cultivars with different sensitivities to low temperature, were used in Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation (iTRAQ)-based proteomics to uncover their different mechanisms in response to cold stress. A total of 4317 distinct proteins were identified and the differentially expressed proteins in four comparison sets were used for further analysis. The gene ontology (GO) analysis indicated that the majority of differentially expressed proteins were in the categories involved in metabolic and cellular processes. Surprisingly, there were 55 proteins decreased in NC567, but increased in Taiyan8 in response to cold, while the levels of 42 proteins were lower in Taiyan8 than NC567 at normal temperature, but higher in Taiyan8 than NC567 under cold treatment, suggesting different responses to cold stress in these cultivars. The levels of polypeptides involved in protein synthesis and degradation, photosynthesis, and respiration, as well as ROS scavenging, were different in the comparison sets, implying that protein and energy metabolisms may be important for the establishment of cellular environment at low temperature. In conclusion, our study identified the potential pathways involved in low-temperature response of tobacco and provides hints for the further improvement of cold tolerance in crops.
KeywordsProteomics Tobacco Cold stress Metabolism
This work was supported by the grants from the Key Science and Technology Project of China National Tobacco Company (110201302002), the Key Science and Technology Project of Hunan Provincial Tobacco Company (13-17ZDAa01), the National Natural Science Foundation of China 31400314, the University Innovation Program from the Department of Education of Guangdong province (2014), and Guangzhou Scientific and Technological Program (201607010377).
- Bogeat-Triboulot MB, Brosche M, Renaut J, Jouve L, Le Thiec D, Fayyaz P, Vinocur B, Witters E, Laukens K, Teichmann T, Altman A, Hausman JF, Polle A, Kangasjarvi J, Dreyer E (2007) Gradual soil water depletion results in reversible changes of gene expression, protein profiles, ecophysiology, and growth performance in Populus euphratica, a poplar growing in arid regions. Plant Physiol 143:876–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Melcher K, Ng LM, Zhou XE, Soon FF, Xu Y, Suino-Powell KM, Park SY, Weiner JJ, Fujii H, Chinnusamy V, Kovach A, Li J, Wang Y, Li J, Peterson FC, Jensen DR, Yong EL, Volkman BF, Cutler SR, Zhu JK, Xu HE (2009) A gate-latch-lock mechanism for hormone signalling by abscisic acid receptors. Nature 462:602–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ross PL, Huang YN, Marchese JN, Williamson B, Parker K, Hattan S, Khainovski N, Pillai S, Dey S, Daniels S, Purkayastha S, Juhasz P, Martin S, Bartlet-Jones M, He F, Jacobson A, Pappin DJ (2004) Multiplexed protein quantitation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using amine-reactive isobaric tagging reagents. Mol Cell Proteom 3:1154–1169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sarnowski TJ, Rios G, Jasik J, Swiezewski S, Kaczanowski S, Li Y, Kwiatkowska A, Pawlikowska K, Kozbial M, Kozbial P, Koncz C, Jerzmanowski A (2005) SWI3 subunits of putative SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complexes play distinct roles during Arabidopsis development. Plant Cell 17:2454–2472CrossRefGoogle Scholar