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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, 39:195 | Cite as

Acaricidal active fractions from acetone extract of Aloe vera L. against Tetranychus cinnabarinus and Panonychus citri

  • Yongqiang Zhang
  • Qian Zhang
  • Jinxiang Luo
  • Wei DingEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

This study aimed to isolate acaricidal active fractions from acetone extract of Aloe vera L. and investigate the toxicity of these fractions against Tetranychus cinnabarinus (T. cinnabarinus) and Panonychus citri (P. citri). Acetone extract of A. vera L. was isolated by immersing in acetone for 72 h, and diverse fractions were fractionated by column chromatography. The acaricidal activity of each fractions was evaluated by corrected mortality of T. cinnabarinus through slide-dip bioassay. The 8th and 13th fractions of acetone extract with good acaricidal activity were indentified by LC/MS, and the toxicity of these two fractions to T. cinnabarinus and P. citri was identified by regression analysis. Acetone extract of A. vera L. exhibited obvious acaricidal activity, from which a total of 18 fractions were isolated. The 8th and 13th fractions with strong acaricidal activity against T. cinnabarinus were identified to be 3-O-alpha-d-mannopyranosyl-d-mannopyranose (OAMM) and aloe emodin. When compared with spirodiclofen, both OAMM and aloe emodin exhibited higher toxicity to T. cinnabarinus, while only OAMM exhibited a higher toxicity to P. citri (P < 0.05). OAMM and aloe emodin isolated from acetone extract of A. vera L. exhibited obvious acaricidal activities against T. cinnabarinus and P. citri.

Keywords

Acetone extract A. vera L. Acaricidal activity Mites 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Fund of China (31272058). We are very grateful to Meng Li, Lijuan Ding and Kai Zhang for their assistance in this work. And we thank anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions for our manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongqiang Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qian Zhang
    • 1
  • Jinxiang Luo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei Ding
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Plant ProtectionSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Institute of PesticideSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina

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