A transient gene expression system in Populus euphratica Oliv. protoplasts prepared from suspension cultured cells

  • Yinghua Guo
  • Xueqin Song
  • Shutang Zhao
  • Jianxiong Lv
  • Mengzhu Lu
Original Article


Populus euphratica Oliv., a species of the model woody plant genus Populus, is well known for its tolerance to salinity stress, the underlying mechanism of which is a research hotspot. Transient expression of fluorescent fusion proteins is commonly used for rapid assessment of gene functions and interactions, and thus would be useful to study the genes involved in salt tolerance in this species. Our transient gene expression protocol for P. euphratica included a simple protoplast preparation and transformation procedure from suspension cultured cells. The highest protoplast yield (8 × 107 g−1 fresh weight) with high viability (above 90 %) was obtained using an optimized enzyme mix of 4 % (w/v) cellulase R10, 0.5 % (w/v) pectinase, and 0.2 % (w/v) hemicellulase. Factors affecting protoplast transformation efficiency were also optimized: 20 μg plasmid DNA versus 105 protoplasts, and a transformation time of 20 min using PEG, which resulted in a transformation efficiency greater than 50 %. A pair of known markers was simultaneously and correctly expressed in the same P. euphratica protoplasts by co-transformation. The isolation and transformation protocol took 5 h, and results could be obtained within 24 h. This protoplast transient expression system is suitable for studying gene expression, protein localization, and protein–protein interactions in woody plants. In addition, it would be particularly useful for studying the signaling pathway involved in the salt tolerance of P. euphratica in a homologous system, which may not even be possible using protoplasts prepared from other species.


Populus euphratica Oliv. Suspension culture Protoplast Transient gene expression 


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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yinghua Guo
    • 1
  • Xueqin Song
    • 1
  • Shutang Zhao
    • 1
  • Jianxiong Lv
    • 1
  • Mengzhu Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Research Institute of ForestryChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingChina
  2. 2.Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern ChinaNanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingChina

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