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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 1113–1119 | Cite as

Effects of intercropping sugarcane and soybean on growth, rhizosphere soil microbes, nitrogen and phosphorus availability

  • Xiuping Li
  • Yinghui Mu
  • Yanbo Cheng
  • Xinguo Liu
  • Hai Nian
Original Paper

Abstract

The effects of sugarcane plantation intercropped with soybean on plant growth, yield, enzyme activity, nitrogen and phosphorus contents, the microbe quantity of rhizosphere soil were investigated. Results showed that dry weight of biomass and yield under sugarcane/soybean intercropping were increased by 35.44 and 30.57 % for sugarcane, and decreased by 16.12 and 9.53 % (100-grain weight) for soybean, respectively. The nitrogenase activity of intercropping soybean nodule was significantly increased by 57.4 % as compared with that in monoculture models. The urease activities of intercrops sugarcane and soybean were promoted by 89 and 81 % as compared to that of the monoculture models, respectively. The effective nitrogen and phosphorus contents of rhizospheric soil of intercrops sugarcane and soybean were increased by 66 and 311.7 %, respectively, as compared to those in the monoculture system. Microbe number of rhizosphere soil in the intercropping pattern increased significantly as compared to those in the monoculture models. The quantities of bacteria, fungi, and actinomyces increased by 42.62, 14.5 and 78.5 % in the intercropping sugarcane, while the intercropping soybean increased by 188, 183 and 73 %, respectively. Therefore, growing sugarcanes in combination with soybean can be considered a good agriculture management practice, helping to promote plant growth, yield and increase soil nutrients.

Keywords

Sugarcane Soybean Intercropping Soil microbe Soil enzyme activity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31171508), Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (No. 200903002), and Modern Agro-industry Technology Research System (No. CARS-04-PS09).

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiuping Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yinghui Mu
    • 1
  • Yanbo Cheng
    • 1
  • Xinguo Liu
    • 1
  • Hai Nian
    • 1
  1. 1.College of AgricultureSouth China Agriculture UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Guangdong AIB Polytechnic CollegeGuangdongPeople’s Republic of China

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