Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 1071–1079 | Cite as

Arsenic accumulation in Ocimum spp. and its effect on growth and oil constituents

  • Fauzia Siddiqui
  • Sunil Kumar Krishna
  • P. K. Tandon
  • Sudhakar Srivastava
Original Paper

Abstract

A comparative evaluation of As accumulation and subsequent effects upon exposure to arsenite [As(III)] was performed in three species of Ocimum. Plants accumulated high amount of As (μg g−1 dry weight; dw) (662 in O.tenuiflorum, 764 in O. basilicum and 831 in O. gratissimum at 100 μM As(III) after 10 days) with the order of accumulation being roots > stem > leaves. A significant reduction in plant height and biomass was observed. However, essential oil yield and major oil constituents, such as eugenol, methyl chevicol, and linalool, increased at lower As(III) concentrations [mostly up to 25 μM As(III)] in all three species. Positively, no detectable amount of As was found in oil of any species. The study proposes that Ocimum may be used as a phytoremediator and at the same time as a source of essential oils under proper regulation.

Keywords

Arsenic Essential oils Growth Ocimum Phytoremediation 

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fauzia Siddiqui
    • 1
  • Sunil Kumar Krishna
    • 1
  • P. K. Tandon
    • 1
  • Sudhakar Srivastava
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreTrombayIndia

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