Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 1093–1100 | Cite as

Increased miroestrol, deoxymiroestrol and isoflavonoid accumulation in callus and cell suspension cultures of Pueraria candollei var. mirifica

  • Latiporn Udomsuk
  • Thaweesak Juengwattanatrakul
  • Kanokwan Jarukamjorn
  • Waraporn PutalunEmail author
Original Paper


Miroestrol and deoxymiroestrol are highly active phytoestrogens derived from the tuberous roots of Pueraria candollei var. mirifica. To date, there have been no reports regarding the production of miroestrol and deoxymiroestrol in in vitro cell culture. In this study, callus and cell suspension cultures were established for the purpose of investigating miroestrol and deoxymiroestrol content in P. candollei var. mirifica cells. Stem-derived callus cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 0.1 mg l−1 thidiazuron (TDZ), 0.5 mg l−1 naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), and 1.0 mg l−1 benzyladenine (BA) provided optimal conditions for the accumulation of deoxymiroestrol and total isoflavonoids. The calli produced 184.83 ± 20.09 μg g−1 dry weight of total chromene and 20.72 ± 2.38 mg g−1 dry weight of total isoflavonoid. This is the first report to suggest that callus culture is a suitable alternative method for producing miroestrol and deoxymiroestrol. Carbon sources were evaluated for the cell suspension cultures of P. candollei var. mirifica. Sucrose provided optimal conditions for biomass production, whereas fructose was the most suitable carbon source for deoxymiroestrol and isoflavonoid production. The information from our study can be employed for enhancing the production of miroestrol, deoxymiroestrol, and total isoflavonoids using in vitro cell culture of P. candollei var. mirifica.


Deoxymiroestrol Miroestrol Isoflavonoid Callus culture Cell suspension culture 





0.2% Gelatin in phosphate-buffered saline


α-Naphthaleneacetic acid


Polyclonal antibodies




0.05% Tween 20 in phosphate-buffered saline





This work was supported by a grant from the Office of the Higher Education Commission. Latiporn Udomsuk (CHE 510636) received a CHE-Ph.D. scholarship. The Thailand Research Fund (RSA5280012) is gratefully acknowledged. We also thank Dr. Chaiyo Chaichantipyuth, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, for providing purified miroestrol and deoxymiroestrol.

Supplementary material

11738_2011_906_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (284 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 284 kb)


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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Latiporn Udomsuk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Thaweesak Juengwattanatrakul
    • 3
  • Kanokwan Jarukamjorn
    • 1
    • 2
  • Waraporn Putalun
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Research Group for Pharmaceutical Activities of Natural Products using Pharmaceutical Biotechnology (PANPB)National Research University-Khon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesUbon Ratchathani UniversityUbon RatchathaniThailand

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