Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 327–341 | Cite as

Transcriptome response to phosphorus starvation in rice

Original Paper

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is an essential mineral nutrient required for the plant growth and development. Insufficient P supply triggers extensive physiological and biochemical changes in plants. In this study, we used Affymetrix GeneChip rice genome arrays to analyze the dynamics of rice transcriptome under P starvation. Phosphorus starvation induced or suppressed transcription of 2,317 genes, representing 7.2% of the genes. These changes, mostly transient, affected various cellular metabolic pathways including stress response, primary and secondary metabolism, molecular transport, regulatory process and organismal development. Hundred and thirty (5.6% of 2,317 genes) transcripts were expressed similarly both in root and shoot under P starvation. Comparative analysis between rice and Arabidopsis identified 37 orthologous groups that responded to P starvation demonstrating the existence of conserved P stress coupling mechanism among dicot and monocot plants. Additional analysis of transcription profiles of microRNAs revealed differential expression of miR399 and miR169 under P starvation suggesting their potential roles in plant nutrient homeostasis. Analysis of genome-wide gene expression profiles in P starvation in rice shoot and root, using Affymetrix Rice Genome Chip in this paper, has provided an overview of transcriptional responses to the P starvation condition. This will bring very valuable information and will make a great contribution for investigating the response of rice to P starvation.

Keywords

Phosphorus Affymetrix GeneChip Transcription profile MicroRNAs Rice 

Supplementary material

11738_2011_832_MOESM1_ESM.tif (111 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 110 kb)
11738_2011_832_MOESM2_ESM.doc (59 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 59 kb)

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongmei Cai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Weibo Xie
    • 1
  • Tong Zhu
    • 3
  • Xingming Lian
    • 1
  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic ImprovementHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Microelement Research Center, College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  3. 3.Syngenta Biotechnology IncResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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