Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 1065–1075 | Cite as

Reactive oxygen species production and antioxidative defense system in pea root tissues treated with lead ions: mitochondrial and peroxisomal level

  • Arleta Małecka
  • Marta Derba-Maceluch
  • Katarzyna Kaczorowska
  • Aneta Piechalak
  • Barbara Tomaszewska
Original Paper


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and enzymatic antioxidative system [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APOX), alternative oxidase (AOX)] in nonphotosynthesizing pea plant cells were investigated. From the roots of pea plants cultivated hydroponically on a Hoagland medium with the addition of 0.1 and 0.5 mM of Pb(NO3)2, the three following fractions were isolated by means of a Percoll gradient: cytosol, peroxisomal, and mitochondrial. Lead stress caused H2O2 production in these organelles. The mitochondria from pea cell roots were the main site of H2O2 production. Intensive stress caused by 0.5 mM of Pb(NO3)2 brought about a decrease of H2O2 concentration in mitochondria and peroxisomes after 3 days of the exposition, which was due to an increase of CAT activity. The isoenzymatic profile of antioxidative enzymes indicates mitochondrial and peroxisomal localization of MnSOD and cytoplasmic localization of CuSOD. APOX activity was estimated for all three fractions: cytosol, mitochondria, and peroxisomes. Simultaneously, we observed an increased expression of AOX genes on the basis of the amount of mRNA transcript and confirmed it immunologically on the level of synthesized AOX protein (36 kDa). This has been the first evidence of AOX genes expression of which is induced by the treatment of plants with lead ions and it increases along with the concentration of metal.


Enzymatic antioxidative system Lead Mitochondria Oxidative stress Peroxisomes 



This work was partially supported by the Polish Committee for Scientific Research (KBN) grant no KBN 2PO4G 069 26 and interdisciplinary grant of Adam Mickiewicz University and Agriculture University in Poznan no 512 00 055.


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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arleta Małecka
    • 1
  • Marta Derba-Maceluch
    • 2
  • Katarzyna Kaczorowska
    • 1
  • Aneta Piechalak
    • 1
  • Barbara Tomaszewska
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Institute of Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland

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