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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 133–138 | Cite as

In vitro rapid multiplication and propagation of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. through axillary bud culture

  • Anushi A. Jahan
  • Mohammad Anis
Original Paper

Abstract

A simple, rapid and efficient protocol for micropropagation of Cardiospermum halicacabum via axillary bud multiplication has been successfully developed. The organogenic competence of nodal segments was investigated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different concentrations of benzyladenine (BA), kinetin (Kn), thidiazuron (TDZ) and 2-isopentenyladenine (2-iP). Multiple shoots differentiated directly without callus mediation within 4 weeks when explants were cultured on a medium fortified with cytokinins. The maximum number of shoots (14.83 ± 0.52) was developed on a medium supplemented with 0.3 μM TDZ. Such proliferating shoots when subcultured onto MS media devoid of TDZ gave the highest rate of shoot multiplication (35.66 ± 1.00) by the end of fourth subculture passage. Elongated shoots were rooted on 1/3 MS medium augmented with 0.5 μM IAA. The plantlets thus obtained were successfully hardened and transferred to greenhouse.

Keywords

Cardiospermum halicacabum Micropropagation Nodal segment Thidiazuron Sapindaceae 

Abbreviations

BA

6-Benzyladenine

IAA

Indole-3-acetic acid

IBA

Indole-3-butyric acid

2-iP

2-Isopentenyladenine

NAA

α-Naphthalene acetic acid

Kn

6-Furfurylaminopurine (kinetin)

MS

Murashige and Skoog’s medium

TDZ

Thidiazuron

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors gratefully acknowledge the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India, New Delhi, for providing research support under DST-FIST Program.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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