Abscisic acid-glu cose es ter as an allelopathy agent from cit rus fruit
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Aqueousmethanol extracts of Cit rus junos, C. unshiu and C. sudachi fruit peel in hib ited the growth of the roots and hypocotyls of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), cress (Lepidiumsativum L.) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) seedlings. Signifi cantreductions in the root and hypocotyl growth were observed as the extract concentration in creased in all bioassays. The in hibitory activity of C. junos ex tract on the growth of test plants was 3.3-to 17.9-fold and 3.6- to 20.6-fold greater than that of C. unshiu and C. sudachi extracts, respectively. Theconcent rationin C. junos was 3.5- and 4.9-fold greater than that in C. unshiu and C. sudachi, re spectively. Thus, there was a good correlation-between abscisic acid-b-D-glucopyranosylester (ABA-GE) concentrationsin C. junos, C. unshiu and C. sudachi fruit peel and theinhibito ryactivities of the irextracts. The concentration of ABA-GE in C. junos fruit peel was in creased with fruit maturityasgrowthinhibit oryactivity of C. junos fruit peel was reported to be in creased with fruit maturity, in dicating that the concentrations of ABA-GEin C. junos fruit peel was correlated withgrowthinhibit oryactivity of C. junos fruit peel in time course of fruit maturation. These findings suggest that ABA-GE may be involved in the growth inhibitory effect of C. junos, C. unshiu and C. sudachi fruit peel.
Key wordsAbscisic acid-b-D-glucopyranosyl ester Allelopathy Citrusjunos Citrus sudachi Citrus unshiu Growthinhibitor Phytotoxicity
abscisic acid-b-D-glycopyranosyl es ter
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