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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 385–392 | Cite as

Comparative physiological effects of three allelochemicals and two herbicides on Dactylis glomerata

  • Begoña Durán-Serantes
  • Luis González
  • Manuel J. Reigosa
Article

Abstract

Effects of three allelochemicals (2-benzoxazolinone (BOA), p-hydroxybenzoic, and ferulic acid) and two herbicides (linuron and fluometuron) on chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthesis, accumulation of free proline and polyamines, and total content of soluble proteins were measured to assess herbicidal activity on Dactylis glomerata. The application of chemicals generally reduced Fv/Fm (more than 25 % with p-hydroxybenzoic acid, BOA, or linuron). BOA decreased the quantum efficiency of PSII temporarily, but it did not affect photosynthesis. Polyamine content was very low, while proline content was markedly affected by some of the chemicals, thus producing some osmotic adjustment. Ferulic acid did not cause any physiological effect at all. BOA and p-hydroxybenzoic acid caused significant changes in various physiological traits of Dactylis glomerata, specially interfering with the quantum efficiency of the PSII.

Key words

Allelochemicals 2-benzoxazolinone Dactylis glomerata Ferulic acid Fluometuron Fluorescence Linuron p-Hydroxybenzoic acid Photosynthesis 

List of abbreviations

A

net photosynthesis rate

BOA

2-Benzoxazolinone

FMS

fluorescence monitoring system

Fo

minimal fluorescence in the dark adapted state-yield of intrinsic fluorescence

Fv

yield of variable fluorescence in dark adapted state

Fv

Fm-Fo

Fm

maximal fluorescence in the dark adapted state

Fv/Fm

photochemical trapping efficiency of the dark adapted state

Fm’

maximal fluorescence in the light adapted state

ΔF

(Fm’-Fs’)

Fs

steady state fluorescence yield

ΔF/Fm’

Photosystem II photochemical efficiency in the light-adapted state

PSI

photosystem I

PSII

photosystem II

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Copyright information

© Department of Plant Physiology 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Begoña Durán-Serantes
    • 1
  • Luis González
    • 1
  • Manuel J. Reigosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Lab. Plant Ecophysiology, Facultade de Ciencias de VigoUniversidade de VigoVigoSpain

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