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Swarm Intelligence

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 1–2 | Cite as

Special issue on ant colony optimization

  • Karl F. Doerner
  • Daniel Merkle
  • Thomas Stützle
Article

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl F. Doerner
    • 1
  • Daniel Merkle
    • 2
  • Thomas Stützle
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdenseDenmark
  3. 3.IRIDIA, CoDEUniversité Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)BrusselsBelgium

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