Advertisement

Dao

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 15–34 | Cite as

“Benevolence-Righteousness” as Strategic Terminology: Reading Mengzi’s “Ren-Yi” through Strategic Manuals

  • Ting-mien LeeEmail author
Article
  • 188 Downloads

Abstract

This essay offers an experimental interpretation for Mengzi’s 孟子 ren-yi 仁義 discourses, reading them as strategic prescriptions akin to those presented in classical strategic manuals. However, rather than arguing that it is the correct interpretation of Mengzi, I use it to highlight the ambiguity of Mengzi’s discourses. This ambiguity, I argue, motivated Zhuangzi’s 莊子 criticisms of moral language abuse and rationalizes some early narratives about Mengzi.

Keywords

Mengzi 孟子 Zhuangzi 莊子 Strategic manuals Ren-Yi 仁義 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allan, Sarah. 2009. “Not the Lun Yu: The Chu Script Bamboo Slip Manuscript, Zigao, and the Nature of Early Confucianism.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 72.01: 115–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birdwhistell, Joanne D. 2007. Mencius and Masculinities: Dynamics of Power, Morality, and Maternal Thinking. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  3. Defoort, Carine. 2006. “Mohist and Yangist Blood in Confucian Flesh: The Middle Position of the Guodian Text ‘Tang Yu Zhi Dao’.” Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities 76: 44–70.Google Scholar
  4. ____. 2008. “The Profit That Does Not Profit: Paradoxes with ‘Li’ in Early Chinese Texts.” Asia Major 21.1: 153–181.Google Scholar
  5. Denecke, Wiebke. 2010. The Dynamics of Masters Literature: Early Chinese Thought from Confucius to H an Feizi. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Goldin, Paul Rakita. 1999. Rituals of the Way: The Philosophy of Xunzi. Chicago and La Salle: Open Court.Google Scholar
  7. ____. 2005. After Confucius: Studies in Early Chinese Philosophy. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
  8. Graham, Angus Charles. 2003. Disputers of the Tao: Philosophical Argument in Ancient China. La Salle: Open Court.Google Scholar
  9. Hansen, Chad. 2010. “A Dao of “Dao” in Zhuangzi.” In Experimental Essays on Zhuangzi, edited by Victor H. Mair. Dunedin, FL: Three Pines Press.Google Scholar
  10. He, Jianzhang 何建章. 1990. Commentaries and Annotations on the Stratagems of the Warring States 戰國策注釋. Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju 中華書局.Google Scholar
  11. He, Ning 何寧, ed. 1998. Collected Annotations on the Master of Huainan 淮南子集釋. Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju 中華書局.Google Scholar
  12. Ishii, Kōmei 石井宏明. 1999. Studies on the Eastern Zhou Dynasty 東周王朝研究. Beijing 北京: Zhongyang Minzu Daxue Chubanshe 中央民族大學出版社.Google Scholar
  13. Jiao, Xun 焦循. 1987. Standard Interpretation on the Mengzi 孟子正義. Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju 中華書局.Google Scholar
  14. Johnston, Alastair Iain. 1998. Cultural Realism: Strategic Culture and Grand Strategy in Chinese History. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Lau, D. C. 劉殿爵, Ho Che-wah 何志華, and Chen Fong-ching 陳方正, eds. 2000. A Concordance to the Zhuangzi 莊子逐字索引. Hong Kong 香港: Shangwu Yinshuguan 商務印書館.Google Scholar
  16. Lee, Ting-mien 李庭綿. 2014. “When ‘Ru-Mo’ May Not Be ‘Confucians and Mohists’—The Meaning of ‘Ru-Mo’ and Early Intellectual Taxonomy.” Oriens Extremus 53: 111–138.Google Scholar
  17. Legge, James. 1970. The Works of Mencius. New York: Dover Books.Google Scholar
  18. Li, Jingde 黎靖德, ed. 1986. Classified Conversations of Master Zhu 朱子語類. Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju 中華書局.Google Scholar
  19. Lin, Hongming 林宏明. 2003. A Study on the Graphs and Characters of Zhongshan State in the Warring States 戰國中山國文字研究. Taipei 台北: Taiwan Guji Chubanshe 台灣古籍出版社.Google Scholar
  20. Loewe, Michael, and Edward L. Shaughnessy, eds. 1999. The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 221 B.C. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. McNeal, Robin. 2012. Conquer and Govern: Early Chinese Military Texts from the Yi Zhou Shu. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pines, Yuri. 2002. “Lexical Changes in Zhanguo Texts.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 122.4: 691–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. ____. 2005. “Disputers of Abdication: Zhanguo Egalitarianism and the Sovereign’s Power.” T’oung Pao 91.4–5: 243–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. ____. 2009. Envisioning Eternal Empire: Chinese Political Thought of the Warring States Period. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
  25. Qian, Mu 錢穆. 2000. Chronicle Examinations on the Pre-Qin Masters 先秦諸子繫年. Shijiazhuang 石家莊: Hebei Jiaoyu Chubanshe 河北教育出版社.Google Scholar
  26. Raphals, Lisa. 1996. “Skeptical Strategies in the ‘Zhuangzi’ and ‘Theaetetus’.” In Essays on Skepticism, Relativism, and Ethics in the Zhuangzi, edited by Paul Kjellberg and Philip J. Ivanhoe. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  27. Sato, Masayuki. 2003. The Confucian Quest for Order: The Origin and Formation of the Political Thought of Xun Zi. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  28. Sawyer, Ralph D. 2004. The Essence of War: Leadership and Strategies from the Chinese Military Classics. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  29. Sawyer, Ralph D., with Mei-chün Sawyer. 1993. The Seven Military Classics of Ancient China. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  30. Sharp, Gene. 2012. From Dictatorship to Democracy. London: Serpent’s Tail.Google Scholar
  31. Sima, Qian 司馬遷. 1969. Records of the Grand Historian 史記. Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju 中華書局.Google Scholar
  32. Svarverud, Rune. 1998. Methods of the Way: Early Chinese Ethical Thought. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  33. Van Norden, Bryan. 2007. Virtue Ethics and Consequentialism in Early Chinese Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. ____. 2011. Introduction to Classical Chinese Philosophy. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.Google Scholar
  35. Wang, Liqi 王利器. 1992. Collated and Annotated Edition of the Discussions on Salt and Iron 鹽鐵論校注. Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju.Google Scholar
  36. Wang, Xianshen 王先慎. 2003. Collected Commentaries of the Hanfeizi 韓非子集解. Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju.Google Scholar
  37. Wu, Shizhou 吳十洲. 2004. A Study on the Ritual Vessels of Western and Eastern Zhou Dynasties 兩周禮器制度研究. Taipei 台北: Wunan 五南.Google Scholar
  38. Xu, Peigen 徐培根. 1976. Translations and Commentaries on the Tai Gong Liu Tao 太公六韜今註今譯. Taipei 台北: Shangwu Yinshuguan 商務印書館.Google Scholar
  39. Yang, Chaoming 楊朝明. 2002. “A Philological Study on the Composition of the Liu Tao 關於六韜成書的文獻學考察.”Studies on Chinese Culture 中國文化研究 1: 58–64.Google Scholar
  40. Zhang, Shuangdi 張雙棣. 1987. Translations and Annotations on Mr. Lü’s Spring and Autumn Annals 呂氏春秋譯注. Changchun 長春: Jilin Wenshi Chubanshe 吉林文史出版社.Google Scholar
  41. Zhu, Xi 朱熹. 1999. Collected Annotations on the Four Books 四書章句集注. Taipei 台北: Da’an Chubanshe 大安出版社.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyTunghai UniversityTaichungTaiwan

Personalised recommendations