Coupled solid-fluid FE-analysis of an embankment dam

  • Michael Pertl
  • Matthias Hofmann
  • Guenter Hofstetter
Research Article


A coupled solid-fluid FE-model for partially saturated soils, characterized by modeling the soil as a three-phase material consisting of a deformable soil skeleton and the fluid phases water and air, is reviewed briefly. As a constitutive model for the soil skeleton, the well-known Barcelona Basic model (BBM) is employed, which is formulated in terms of net stress and matric suction. For the BBM, a computationally efficient return mapping algorithm is proposed, which only requires the solution of a scalar nonlinear equation at the integration point level. The coupled FE-model is applied to the coupled transient numerical simulation of the water flow and the deformations and stresses in an embankment dam.


multi-phase model unsaturated soil model Barcelona Basic model (BBM) return mapping algorithm embankment dam 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Pertl
    • 1
  • Matthias Hofmann
    • 1
  • Guenter Hofstetter
    • 1
  1. 1.Insitute of Basic Sciences in Civil EngineeringUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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