Frontiers in Energy

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 376–388 | Cite as

Expert networks as science-policy interlocutors in the implementation of a monitoring reporting and verification (MRV) system

  • Remi ChandranEmail author
  • Tsuyoshi Fujita
  • Minoru Fujii
  • Shuichi Ashina
  • Kei Gomi
  • Rizaldi Boer
  • Muhammad Ardiansyah
  • Seiya Maki
Research Article


The Paris Agreement, which entered into effect in 2016, emphasizes a definite timeline for communicating and maintaining successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it plans to achieve in addressing climate change. This calls for the development of a measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) system and a Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT). Though such actions are universally accepted by the Parties to the Paris Agreement, earlier studies have shown that there remain technological, social, political and financial constrains which will affect the development and deployment of such a system. In this paper, using a case study on MRV implementation in Bogor City in Indonesia, how the above-mentioned challenges can be overcome is outlined through a technological and policy innovation process where scientists and technologists (collectively referred as expert networks) can join hands with local governments and national policy makers in designing, development and implementation of an MRV system that meets the local, national and global requirements. Through the case study it is further observed that expert networks can act as interactive knowledge generators and policy interlocutors in bridging technology with policy. To be specific, first, a brief history of the international context of MRV and CBIT is outlined. Next, the theoretical underpinning of the study is contextualized within the existing theories related to public policy and international relations. Finally, the case study is outlined and investigated where the engagement of an expert-network and policy makers in the design, development and implementation of an MRV tool is showcased.


MRV CBIT UNFCCC Indonesia Japan ICT based monitoring climate policy 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Remi Chandran
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tsuyoshi Fujita
    • 1
  • Minoru Fujii
    • 1
  • Shuichi Ashina
    • 1
  • Kei Gomi
    • 1
  • Rizaldi Boer
    • 2
  • Muhammad Ardiansyah
    • 2
  • Seiya Maki
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Social and Environmental System ResearchNational Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management in Southeast Asia and Pacific (CCROM-SEAP)Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)BogorIndonesia

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