Frontiers in Energy

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 210–232 | Cite as

Nodal, zonal, or uniform electricity pricing: how to deal with network congestion

  • Martin WeibelzahlEmail author
Review Article


In this paper, the main contributions to congestion management and electricity pricing, i.e., nodal, zonal, and uniform electricity pricing, are surveyed. The key electricity market concepts are structured and a formal model framework is proposed for electricity transportation, production, and consumption in the context of limited transmission networks and competitive, welfare maximizing electricity markets. In addition, the main results of existing short-run and long-run congestion management studies are explicitly summarized. In particular, the important interconnection between short-run network management approaches and optimal long-run investments in both generation facilities and network lines are highlighted.


nodal pricing zonal pricing uniform pricing competitive electricity markets welfare maximization redispatch optimization models 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Discrete OptimizationErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Energy Campus NurembergNurembergGermany

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