Dimethyl ether as alternative fuel for CI engine and vehicle

  • Zhen HuangEmail author
  • Xinqi Qiao
  • Wugao Zhang
  • Junhua Wu
  • Junjun Zhang
Research Article


As a developing and the most populous country in the world, China faces major challenges in energy supply and environmental protection. It is of great importance to develop clean and alternative fuels for internal combustion engines. On the basis of researches on DME engine and vehicle at Shanghai Jiaotong University in the last twelve years, fuel injection, combustion, performance and exhaust emissions of DME engine and DME vehicle are introduced in this paper. The results indicate that DME engines can achieve high thermal efficiency and ultra low emissions, and will play a significant role in meeting the energy demand while minimizing environmental impact in China.


dimethyl ether (DME) fuel injection combustion process emission control CI engine vehicle 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Fieisch T, McCarthy C, Basu A, et al. A new clean diesel technology: demonstration of ULEV emissions on a navistar diesel engine fueled with dimethyl ether. SAE Paper no. 950061, 1995Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Paul K, Herwig O. Development of fuel injection equipment and combustion system for DI diesels operated on dimethyl ether. SAE Paper no. 950062, 1995Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sorenson S C, Mikkelsen S C, Mikkelsen S E. Performance and emissions of a 0.273 liter direct injection diesel engine fueled with neat dimethyl ether. SAE Paper no. 950064, 1995Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hwang J S, Ha J S, No S Y. Spray characteristics of DME in conditions of common rail injection system(II). Int J Automotive Technology, 2003, 4(3): 119–124Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Morsy M H, Ahn D H, Chung S H. Pilot injection of DME for ignition of natural gas at dual fuel engine-like conditions. Int J Automotive Technology, 2006, 7(1): 1–7Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ofner H, Gill D W, Krotscheck C. Dimethyl ether as fuel for CI engines-a new technology and its environmental potential. SAE Paper no. 981158, 1998Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gill D, Ofner H, Schwarz D, et al. The performance of a heavy duty diesel engine with a production feasible DME injection system. SAE paper no. 2001-01-3629, 2001Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Teng H, Regner G. Fuel injection strategy for reducing NOxemissions from heavy-duty diesel engines fueled with DME. SAE Paper no. 2006-01-3324, 2006Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang Guangde, Huang Zhen, Qiao Xinqi, et al. An investigation on injection process of dimethyl ether. Journal of Internal Combustion Engine, 2002, 20(5): 395–398Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhou Longbao, Wang Hewu, Jiang Deming, et al. Study of performance and combustion characteristics of a DME-fueled, lightduty, direct-injection diesel engine. SAE paper no. 1999-01-3669, 1999Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zheng Zunqing, Yao Mingfa, Wang Yang, et al. Experimental study of HCCI combustion process fueled with DME. Journal of Combustion Science and Technology, 2003, 9(6): 561–565Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li Jun, Zhu Changji, Ma Guangxing, et al. Experimental study on the performance of dimethyl ether engine. Journal of Combustion Science and Technology, 2003, 9(3): 200–204Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang Guangde. A study on combustion characteristics of diesel engine fuelled with oxygenated fuels. Dissertation for the Dotoral Degree. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2002Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Huang Zhen, Qiao Xinqi, Zhang Wugao. National project of city bus fuelled with DME in China (Keynote Lecture). Second Asian DME Conference, Shanghai, 2005Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Song Jun, Huang Zhen, Qiao Xinqi. Performance of a controllable premixed combustion engine fueled with dimethyl ether. Energy Conversion and Management, 2004, 45(13–14): 2223–2232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wu Nin, Zhang Wugao, Huang Zhen. Effect of dimethyl ether on engine sealing material. Journal of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2006, 40(8): 1257–1261MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wu Junhua, Huang Zhen, Qiao Xinqi. Study on combustion and emissions characteristics of turbocharged engine fuelled with dimethyl ether. Int J Automotive Technology, 2006, 7(6): 645–652Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wu Junhua. Experimental investigation of combustion and emissions on a turbocharged DME engine. Dissertation for the Dotoral Degree. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2007Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhen Huang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xinqi Qiao
    • 1
  • Wugao Zhang
    • 1
  • Junhua Wu
    • 1
  • Junjun Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Power Machinery and Engineering, Ministry of EducationShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations