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Frontiers of Earth Science

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 570–577 | Cite as

Effects of seismic surge waves and implications for moraine-dammed lake outburst

  • Cui Du
  • Lingkan YaoEmail author
  • Yidan Huang
  • Jiahong Yan
  • Subhashsagar Shakya
Research Article

Abstract

Moraine dams usually collapse due to overtopping by the surge wave in the dammed lake, and the surge wave is most likely caused by an earthquake. The seismic water wave (SWW) is a major factor causing the dam to break in the earthquake zone. This paper focused on the SWW by model experiments with a shaking water tank under conditions of various water depths, seismic waves, and peak ground accelerations. Two empirical equations were obtained for estimating maximal wave height for the low and high frequency, respectively. Finally, we present the application of the empirical equations on Midui Glacier Lake in Tibet plateau.

Keywords

seismic water wave shaking water tank experiment seismic wave moraine-dammed lake outburst 

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cui Du
    • 1
    • 4
  • Lingkan Yao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Yidan Huang
    • 1
    • 4
  • Jiahong Yan
    • 1
    • 4
  • Subhashsagar Shakya
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.MOE Key Laboratory of High-speed Railway EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.Road and Railway Engineering Research InstituteSichuan Key Laboratory of Aseismic Engineering and TechnologyChengduChina
  4. 4.School of Civil EngineeringHenan University of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina

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