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Electrochemical performances of NiO/Ni2N nanocomposite thin film as anode material for lithium ion batteries

  • Yanlin Jia
  • Zhiyuan Ma
  • Zhicheng Li
  • Zhenli He
  • Junming Shao
  • Hong ZhangEmail author
Research Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Despite the high specific capacities, the practical application of transition metal oxides as the lithium ion battery (LIB) anode is hindered by their low cycling stability, severe polarization, low initial coulombic efficiency, etc. Here, we report the synthesis of the NiO/Ni2N nanocomposite thin film by reactive magnetron sputtering with a Ni metal target in an atmosphere of 1 vol.% O2 and 99 vol.% N2. The existence of homogeneously dispersed nano Ni2N phase not only improves charge transfer kinetics, but also contributes to the one-off formation of a stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). In comparison with the NiO electrode, the NiO/Ni2N electrode exhibits significantly enhanced cycling stability with retention rate of 98.8% (85.6% for the NiO electrode) after 50 cycles, initial coulombic efficiency of 76.6% (65.0% for the NiO electrode) and rate capability with 515.3 mA·h·g−1 (340.1 mA·h·g−1 for the NiO electrode) at 1.6 A·g−1.

Keywords

NiO and Ni2nanocomposite reactive magnetron sputtering lithium ion battery electrode electrochemical performance 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51767021) and the Jiangxi Yunjia High Tech Co., Ltd. (Grant No. 738010128).

Supplementary material

11706_2019_483_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (720 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 228 KB.

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanlin Jia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhiyuan Ma
    • 1
  • Zhicheng Li
    • 1
  • Zhenli He
    • 1
  • Junming Shao
    • 1
  • Hong Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.College of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina

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