Advertisement

Upconversion optical nanomaterials applied for photocatalysis and photovoltaics: Recent advances and perspectives

  • Timur Sh. AtabaevEmail author
  • Anara Molkenova
Mini-Review
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

Upconversion (UC) lanthanide nanomaterials have attracted enormous attention in the last two decades thanks to their unique ability to convert low-energy infrared photons into high-energy photons. In this mini-review, we briefly discussed the recent achievements related to the direct utilization of UC optical nanomaterials for photocatalysis and photovoltaic applications. In particular, selected examples of UC-containing devices/nanocomposites with improved performance were covered. In addition, we outlined some challenges and future trends associated with the widespread usage of UC nanomaterials.

Keywords

upconversion process nanoparticle luminescence photocatalysis photovoltaics 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported under the funding from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Grant No. AP05135686).

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interests

There is no conflict of interest to declare.

References

  1. [1]
    Auzel F. Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids. Chemical Reviews, 2004, 104(1): 139–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Yu Y, Huang T, Wu Y, et al. In-vitro and in-vivo imaging of prostate tumor using NaYF4: Yb, Er up-converting nanoparticles. Pathology Oncology Research, 2014, 20(2): 335–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    DaCosta M V, Doughan S, Han Y, et al. Lanthanide upconversion nanoparticles and applications in bioassays and bioimaging: a review. Analytica Chimica Acta, 2014, 832: 1–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Wang S, Feng J, Song S, et al. Rare earth fluorides upconversion nanophosphors: from synthesis to applications in bioimaging. CrystEngComm, 2013, 15(36): 7142–7151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Ni R, Qian B, Liu C, et al. 3D printing of resin composites doped with upconversion nanoparticles for anti-counterfeiting and temperature detection. Optics Express, 2018, 26(19): 25481–25491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Alkahtani M H, Gomes C L, Hemmer P R. Engineering watertolerant core/shell upconversion nanoparticles for optical temperature sensing. Optics Letters, 2017, 42(13): 2451–2454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Ma X, Ni X. Using upconversion nanoparticles to improve photovoltaic properties of poly(3-hexylthiophene)-TiO2 heterojunction solar cell. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2013, 15(4): 1547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Goldschmidt J C, Fischer S. Upconversion for photovoltaics — a review of materials, devices, and concepts for performance enhancement. Advanced Optical Materials, 2015, 3(4): 510–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Arppe R, Hyppänen I, Perälä N, et al. Quenching of the upconversion luminescence of NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ and NaYF4: Yb3+,Tm3+ nanophosphors by water: the role of the sensitizer Yb3+ in non-radiative relaxation. Nanoscale, 2015, 7(27): 11746–11757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Liu J, Huang L, Tian X M, et al. Magnetic and fluorescent Gd2O3: Yb3+/Ln3+ nanoparticles for simultaneous upconversion luminescence/MR dual modal imaging and NIR-induced photodynamic therapy. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2017, 12: 1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Chen J, Zhao J X. Upconversion nanomaterials: synthesis, mechanism, and applications in sensing. Sensors, 2012, 12(3): 2414–2435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Zhou J, Liu Q, Feng W, et al. Upconversion luminescent materials: advances and applications. Chemical Reviews, 2015, 115(1): 395–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Payrer E L, Joudrier A L, Aschehoug P, et al. Up-conversion luminescence in Er/Yb-doped YF3 thin films deposited by PLI-MOCVD. Journal of Luminescence, 2017, 187: 247–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Liu S, De G, Xu Y, et al. Size, phase-controlled synthesis, the nucleation and growth mechanisms of NaYF4:Yb/Er nanocrystals. Journal of Rare Earths, 2018, 36(10): 1060–1066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Kobayashi H, Fujii K, Nunokawa T, et al. Surface modification of Y2O3:Er,Yb upconversion nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in water. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 2014, 53(5S1): 05FK04CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Vu H H T, Atabaev T S, Nguyen N D, et al. Luminescent core-shell Fe3O4@Gd2O3:Er3+,Li+ composite particles with enhanced optical properties. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2014, 71(3): 391–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Rivera-Lopez F, Lavin V. Upconversion/back-transfer losses and emission dynamics in Nd3+-Yb3+ co-doped phosphate glasses for multiple pump channel laser. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2018, 489: 84–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Cavalli E, Angiuli F, Belletti A, et al. Luminescence spectroscopy of YVO4:Ln3+,Bi3+ (Ln3+ = Eu3+,Sm3+,Dy3+) phosphors. Optical Materials, 2014, 36(10): 1642–1648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Lü Q, Li A, Guo F, et al. The two-photon excitation of SiO2-coated Y2O3:Eu3+ nanoparticles by a near-infrared femtosecond laser. Nanotechnology, 2008, 19(20): 205704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Dong J, Gao W, Han Q, et al. Plasmon-enhanced upconversion photoluminescence: Mechanism and application. Reviews in Physics, 2019, 4: 100026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Zong H, Mu X, Sun M. Physical principle and advances in plasmon-enhanced upconversion luminescence. Applied Materials Today, 2019, 15: 43–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Kumar D, Verma S, Sharma V, et al. Synthesis, characterization and upconversion luminescence of core-shell nanocomposites NaYF4:Yb/Er@SiO2@Ag/Au. Vacuum, 2018, 157: 492–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Chen G, Liu H, Liang H, et al. Upconversion emission enhancement in Yb3+/Er3+-codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals by tridoping with Li+ ions. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2008, 112(31): 12030–12036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Bai Y, Wang Y, Peng G, et al. Enhance upconversion photoluminescence intensity by doping Li+ in Ho3+ and Yb3+ codoped Y2O3 nanocrystals. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2009, 478(1–2): 676–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Atabaev T S, Piao Z, Hwang Y H, et al. Bifunctional Gd2O3:Er3+ particles with enhanced visible upconversion luminescence. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2013, 572: 113–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Debasu M L, Riedl J C, Rocha J, et al. The role of Li+ in the upconversion emission enhancement of (YYbEr)2O3 nanoparticles. Nanoscale, 2018, 10(33): 15799–15808CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Tian Q, Yao W, Wu W, et al. NIR light-activated upconversion semiconductor photocatalysts. Nanoscale Horizons, 2019, 4(1): 10–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Byrne C, Subramanian G, Pillai S C. Recent advances in photocatalysis for environmental applications. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2018, 6(3): 3531–3555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Ye Q L, Yang X, Li C, et al. Synthesis of UV/NIR photocatalysts by coating TiO2 shell on peanut-like YF3:Yb,Tm upconversion nanocrystals. Materials Letters, 2013, 106: 238–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Chen Z, Fu M L. Recyclable magnetic Fe3O4@SiO2@β-NaYF4: Yb3+,Tm3+/TiO2 composites with NIR enhanced photocatalytic activity. Materials Research Bulletin, 2018, 107: 194–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Xu Z, Quintanilla M, Vetrone F, et al. Harvesting lost photons: Plasmon and upconversion enhanced broadband photocatalytic activity in core@shell microspheres based on lanthanide-doped NaYF4,TiO2, and Au. Advanced Functional Materials, 2015, 25(20): 2950–2960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Tian Q, Yao W, Wu W, et al. Efficient UV-Vis-NIR responsive upconversion and plasmonic-enhanced photocatalyst based on lanthanide-doped NaYF4/SnO2/Ag. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2017, 5(11): 10889–10899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Atabaev T S. Plasmon-enhanced solar water splitting with metal oxide nanostructures: A brief overview of recent trends. Frontiers of Materials Science, 2018, 12(3): 207–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Zhang M, Lin Y, Mullen T J, et al. Improving hematite’s solar water splitting efficiency by incorporating rare-earth upconversion nanomaterials. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2012, 3(21): 3188–3192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Atabaev T S, Vu H H T, Ajmal M, et al. Dual-mode spectral convertors as a simple approach for the enhancement of hematite’s solar water splitting efficiency. Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, 2015, 119(4): 1373–1377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Gonell F, Haro M, Sanchez R S, et al. Photon up-conversion with lanthanide-doped oxide particles for solar H2 generation. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2014, 118(21): 11279–11284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Thuy T N T, Atabaev T S, Vu H H T, et al. TiO2 thin films sensitized with upconversion phosphor for efficient solar water splitting. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2017, 17(10): 7647–7650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Yang W, Li X, Chi D, et al. Lanthanide-doped upconversion materials: emerging applications for photovoltaics and photocatalysis. Nanotechnology, 2014, 25(48): 482001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Shalav A, Richards B S, Trupke T, et al. Application of NaYF4:Er3+ up-converting phosphors for enhanced near-infrared silicon solar cell response. Applied Physics Letters, 2005, 86(1): 013505 (3 pages)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Xie G X, Lin J M, Wu J H, et al. Application of upconversion luminescence in dye-sensitized solar cells. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2011, 56(1): 96–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Li J, Yin O, Zhao L, et al. Enhancing the photoelectric conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells using the upconversion luminescence materials Y2O3:Er3+ nanorods doped TiO2 photoanode. Materials Letters, 2018, 227: 209–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Lim M J, Ko Y N, Kang Y C, et al. Enhancement of light-harvesting efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells via forming TiO2 composite double layers with down/up converting phosphor dispersion. RSC Advances, 2014, 4(20): 10039–10042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Vu H H T, Atabaev T S, Ahn J Y, et al. Dye-sensitized solar cells composed of photoactive composite photoelectrodes with enhanced solar energy conversion efficiency. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2015, 3(20): 11130–11136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    Vu H H T, Atabaev T S, Pham-Cong D, et al. TiO2 nanofiber/nanoparticles composite photoelectrodes with improved light harvesting ability for dye-sensitized solar cells. Electrochimica Acta, 2016, 193: 166–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Tombe S, Adam G, Heilbrunner H, et al. Optical and electronic properties of mixed halide (X = I, Cl, Br) methylammonium lead perovskite solar cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2017, 5 (7): 1714–1723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    Meng F L, Wu J J, Zhao E F, et al. High-efficiency near-infrared enabled planar perovskite solar cells by embedding upconversion nanocrystals. Nanoscale, 2017, 9(46): 18535–18545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    Guo Q, Wu J, Yang Y, et al. High performance perovskite solar cells based on β-NaYF4:Yb3+/Er3+/Sc3+@NaYF4 core-shell upconversion nanoparticles. Journal of Power Sources, 2019, 426: 178–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    Sebag M S, Hu Z, Lima K O, et al. Microscopic evidence of upconversion-induced near-infrared light harvest in hybrid perovskite solar cells. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 2018, 1(8): 3537–3543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    Ma D, Shen Y, Su T, et al. Performance enhancement in up-conversion nanoparticle-embedded perovskite solar cells by harvesting near-infrared sunlight. Materials Chemistry Frontiers, 2019, 3(10): 2058–2065CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, School of Science and TechnologyNazarbayev UniversityNur-SultanKazakhstan

Personalised recommendations