Advertisement

An approach to prepare uniform graphene oxide/aluminum composite powders by simple electrostatic interaction in water/alcohol solution

  • Wei Sun
  • Rui Zhao
  • Tian Wang
  • Ke ZhanEmail author
  • Zheng Yang
  • Bin ZhaoEmail author
  • Ya Yan
Research Article
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

The homogenous dispersion of graphene in Al powders is a key challenge that limits the development of graphene-reinforced metal matrix composites with high performance. Here, uniform distribution of graphene oxide (GO) coated on flake Al powders were obtained by a simply stirring and ultrasonic treatment in the water/alcohol solution. The effect of water volume content on the formation of GO/Al composite powders was investigated. The results showed that GO adsorbed with synchronous reduction on the surface of Al powders, but when the water content was higher than 80% in the solution, Al powders were totally changed into Al(OH)3. With optimizing the water content of 60% in the solution, reduced GO was homogenously coated onto the surface of flake Al powders. The formation mechanism can be ascribed to the balance control between the liquid/solid interaction and the hydrolysis reaction.

Keywords

graphene Al powder composite morphology electrostatic interaction 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge financial supports of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51605293), the Shanghai Science and Technology Commission (18060502300), the Program for Associate Professor of Special Appointment (Young Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher Learning (QD2016013), the Shanghai Pujiang Program (17PJ1406900), and the Shanghai Chenguang Program (17CG48).

References

  1. [1]
    He C, Zhao N, Shi C, et al. An approach to obtaining homogeneously dispersed carbon nanotubes in Al powders for preparing reinforced Al-matrix composites. Advanced Materials, 2007, 19(8): 1128–1132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Miracle D B. Metal matrix composites — from science to technological significance. Composites Science and Technology, 2005, 65(15–16): 2526–2540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Tjong S C. Recent progress in the development and properties of novel metal matrix nanocomposites reinforced with carbon nanotubes and graphene nanosheets. Materials Science and Engineering R: Reports, 2013, 74(10): 281–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Lee C, Wei X, Kysar J W, et al. Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene. Science, 2008, 321(5887): 385–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Bartolucci S F, Paras J, Rafiee M A, et al. Graphene-aluminum nanocomposites. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2011, 528(27): 7933–7937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Li G, Xiong B. Effects of graphene content on microstructures and tensile property of graphene-nanosheets/aluminum composites. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2017, 697: 31–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Zhang H, Xu C, Xiao W, et al. Enhanced mechanical properties of Al5083 alloy with graphene nanoplates prepared by ball milling and hot extrusion. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2016, 658: 8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Bastwros M, Kim G Y, Zhu C, et al. Effect of ball milling on graphene reinforced Al6061 composite fabricated by semi-solid sintering. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2014, 60: 111–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Dreyer D R, Park S, Bielawski C W, et al. The chemistry of graphene oxide. Chemical Society Reviews, 2010, 39: 228–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Wang J, Li Z, Fan G, et al. Reinforcement with graphene nanosheets in aluminum matrix composites. Scripta Materialia, 2012, 66(8): 594–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Gao X, Yue H, Guo E, et al. Preparation and tensile properties of homogeneously dispersed graphene reinforced aluminum matrix composites. Materials & Design, 2016, 94: 54–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Fan Z, Wang K, Wei T, et al. An environmentally friendly and efficient route for the reduction of graphene oxide by aluminum powder. Carbon, 2010, 48(5): 1686–1689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Li Z, Fan G, Tan Z, et al. Uniform dispersion of graphene oxide in aluminum powder by direct electrostatic adsorption for fabrication of graphene/aluminum composites. Nanotechnology, 2014, 25(32): 325601 (8 pages)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Shaytura N S, Laritchev M N, Laritcheva O O, et al. Study of texture of hydroxides formed by aluminum oxidation with liquid water at various activation techniques. Current Applied Physics, 2010, 10(2): S66–S68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Huang X, Lv C, Wang Y, et al. Hydrogen generation from hydrolysis of aluminum/graphite composites with a core-shell structure. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2012, 37(9): 7457–7463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Chen J, Yao B, Li C, et al. An improved Hummers method for ecofriendly synthesis of graphene oxide. Carbon, 2013, 64: 225–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Kim J, Cote L J, Kim F, et al. Graphene oxide sheets at interfaces. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2010, 132(23): 8180–8186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Shao J J, Wu S D, Zhang S B, et al. Graphene oxide hydrogel at solid/liquid interface. Chemical Communications, 2011, 47(20): 5771–5773CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Bunker B C, Nelson G C, Zavadil K R, et al. Hydration of passive oxide films on aluminum. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2002, 106(18): 4705–4713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Deng Z Y, Ferreira J M F, Tanaka Y, et al. Physicochemical mechanism for the continuous reaction of γ-Al2O3-modified aluminum powder with water. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2007, 90(5): 1521–1526CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Shanghai for Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Innovation Institute for MaterialsShanghaiChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations