Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 304–321 | Cite as

Influence and its mechanism of temperature variation in a muffle furnace during calcination on the adsorption performance of rod-like MgO to Congo red

  • Yajun Zheng
  • Liyun CaoEmail author
  • Gaoxuan Xing
  • Zongquan Bai
  • Hongyan Shen
  • Jianfeng Huang
  • Zhiping ZhangEmail author
Research Article


Calcination temperature plays a crucial role in determining the surface properties of generated MgO, but the influence of temperature variation in a muffle furnace during calcination on its performance is rarely reported. Herein we observed that the temperature in a muffle furnace during calcination demonstrated a gradually increasing trend as the location changed from the furnace doorway to the most inner position. The variation in temperature had a great impact on the adsorption performance of generated rod-like MgO without and/or with involvement of Na2SiO3 to Congo red in aqueous solution. To get a better understanding on the detailed reasons, various techniques including actual temperature measurement via multimeter, N2 physical adsorption, CO2 chemical adsorption and FT-IR spectrometry have been employed to probe the correlation between the adsorption performance of generated MgO from various locations and the inner actual temperature of used muffle furnace as well as their physicochemical properties. In addition, two mechanisms were proposed to elucidate the adsorption process of Congo red over the surface of generated MgO without and/or with presence of Na2SiO3, respectively.


magnesium oxide calcination muffle furnace placed location adsorption performance 


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The authors would like to acknowledge funding support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21575112, 21777128 and 21705125) and Shaanxi S&T Research Development Project of China (Grant No. 2016GY-231).

Supplementary material

11706_2018_427_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (475 kb)
Supplementary information


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yajun Zheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liyun Cao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gaoxuan Xing
    • 2
  • Zongquan Bai
    • 2
  • Hongyan Shen
    • 3
  • Jianfeng Huang
    • 1
  • Zhiping Zhang
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Material Science and EngineeringShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXi’an Shiyou UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.School of Earth Sciences and EngineeringXi’an Shiyou UniversityXi’anChina

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