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Continuous flow removal of acid fuchsine by dielectric barrier discharge plasma water bed enhanced by activated carbon adsorption

  • Rusen Zhou
  • Renwu Zhou
  • Xianhui Zhang
  • Kateryna Bazaka
  • Kostya (Ken) OstrikovEmail author
Research Article
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Abstract

Continuous processes which allow for large amount of wastewater to be treated to meet drainage standards while reducing treatment time and energy consumption are urgently needed. In this study, a dielectric barrier discharge plasma water bed system was designed and then coupled with granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorption to rapidly remove acid fuchsine (AF) with high efficiency. Effects of feeding gases, treatment time and initial concentration of AF on removal efficiency were investigated. Results showed that compared to the N2 and air plasmas treatments, O2 plasma processing was most effective for AF degradation due to the strong oxidation ability of generated activated species, especially the OH radicals. The addition of GAC significantly enhanced the removal efficiency of AF in aqueous solution and shorten the required time by 50%. The effect was attributed to the ability of porous carbon to trap and concentrate the dye, increasing the time dye molecules were exposed to the plasma discharge zone, and to enhance the production of OH radicals on/in GAC to boost the degradation of dyes by plasma as well as in situ regenerate the exhausted GAC. The study offers a new opportunity for continuous effective remediation of wastewater contaminated with organic dyes using plasma technologies.

Keywords

continuous removal dye-containing wastewater dielectric barrier discharge plasma water bed activated carbon adsorption 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51877184). We acknowledge supports from the Central Analytical Research Facility operated by the Institute of Future Environment (QUT).

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rusen Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Renwu Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xianhui Zhang
    • 3
  • Kateryna Bazaka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kostya (Ken) Ostrikov
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical EngineeringQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.CSIRO-QUT Joint Sustainable Processes and Devices LaboratoryCSIROLindfieldAustralia
  3. 3.Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Plasma and Magnetic Resonance, Institute of Electromagnetics and Acoustics, Department of Electronic Science, School of Electronic Science and EngineeringXiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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