Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 878–892 | Cite as

Bismuth oxide-related photocatalysts in green nanotechnology: A critical analysis

  • Andrea P. ReverberiEmail author
  • P. S. Varbanov
  • M. Vocciante
  • B. Fabiano
Review Article


A survey addressing the uses of bismuth oxide in photocatalysis is presented. The richness of literature on such a specific topic proves the growing importance of this compound as a valid tool in pollution abatement and environmental decontamination. Many research groups have focused their activity on how to improve the photocatalytic properties of this semiconductor and several solutions have been adopted in the synthesis method, often based on wet-chemical processes. The impressive development of nanoscience helped in understanding and identifying process variables and operative conditions aiming at optimizing the yield of this promising photocatalytic material in the utilization of solar energy.


photocatalysis visible light bismuth compounds nanotechnology environmental remediation decontamination pollution abatement 


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Andrea P. Reverberi is particularly grateful to Professors Maurizio Ferretti and Davide Comoretto for valuable discussions and helpful suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea P. Reverberi
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. S. Varbanov
    • 2
  • M. Vocciante
    • 1
  • B. Fabiano
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Industrial ChemistryGenoa UniversityGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Faculty of Information Technology and BionicsBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Department of Civil, Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Polytechnic SchoolGenoa UniversityGenoaItaly

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