Frontiers of Computer Science

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 1076–1089 | Cite as

IncPregel: an incremental graph parallel computation model

  • Qiang Liu
  • Xiaoshe Dong
  • Heng ChenEmail author
  • Yinfeng Wang
Research Article


Large-scale graph computation is often required in a variety of emerging applications such as social network computation and Web services. Such graphs are typically large and frequently updated with minor changes. However, re-computing an entire graph when a few vertices or edges are updated is often prohibitively expensive. To reduce the cost of such updates, this study proposes an incremental graph computation model called IncPregel, which leverages the non-after-effect property of the first-order Markov chain and provides incremental programming abstractions to avoid redundant computation and message communication. This is accomplished by employing an efficient and fine-grained reuse mechanism. We implemented this model on Hama, a popular open source framework based on Pregel, to construct an incremental graph processing system called IncHama. IncHama automatically detects changes in input in order to recognize “changed vertices” and to exchange reusable data by means of shuffling. The evaluation results on large-scale graphs show that, compared with Hama, IncHama is 1.1–2.7 times faster and can reduce communication messages by more than 50% when the incremental edges increase in number from 0.1 to 100k.


graph computation Pregel cloud computing 


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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61572394), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFB1000303), and Shenzhen Scientific Plan (JSGG20140519141854753).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material, approximately 282 KB.


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiang Liu
    • 1
  • Xiaoshe Dong
    • 1
  • Heng Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yinfeng Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Electronics and Information EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Shenzhen Institute of Information TechnologyShenzhenChina

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