Frontiers of Computer Science

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 135–145 | Cite as

A multi-level approach to highly efficient recognition of Chinese spam short messages

  • Weimin Wang
  • Dan Zhou
Research Article


The problem of spam short message (SMS) recognition involves many aspects of natural language processing. A good solution to solving the problem can not only improve the quality of people experiencing the mobile life, but also has a positive role on promoting the analysis of short text occurring in current mobile applications, such as Webchat and microblog. As spam SMSes have characteristics of sparsity, transformation and real-timedness, we propose three methods at different levels, i.e., recognition based on symbolic features, recognition based on text similarity, and recognition based on pattern matching. By combining these methods, we obtain a multi-level approach to spam SMS recognition. In order to enrich the pattern base to reduce manual labor and time, we propose a quasi-pattern learning method, which utilizes quasi-pattern matching results in the pattern matching process. The method can learn many interesting and new patterns from the SMS corpus. Finally, a comprehensive analysis indicates that our spam SMS recognition approach achieves a precision rate as high as 95.18%, and a recall rate of 95.51%.


spam short message spam recognition similarity computing pattern learning 


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Supplementary material

11704_2016_5415_MOESM1_ESM.ppt (188 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 188 KB.


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer Science & EngineeringJiangsu University of Science and TechnologyJiangsuChina
  2. 2.School of Computer and Control EngineeringUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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