Frontiers of Literary Studies in China

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 48–77

Changing old tune to new tune: Liu Yong’s urban narrative and the urban cultural construction in the mid-song dynasty

Research Article


In the 1920s, the Japanese scholar Naito Konan put forward the famous theories of “the Song dynasty is the beginning of modern China” and “the cultural transformation was completed during the Tang and Song dynasties,” which exerted far-reaching influence in the academic circle. However, although full of the “numerous academic growth points and exuberant academic vitality, the theories have not been well explored and illustrated yet.” This paper, taking Liu Yong as a case study, is intended to provide concrete examples to Naito’s theories. The urban narrative in Liu Yong’s lyrics—the multi-role discourse practice of a prodigal poet, a talented lyricist, and a traveling official—inherited the discourse splitting trend of the late-Tang and Five dynasties and finished the transformation from the elite to the mass discourse. Accordingly, it set the narrative mode of amorous themes and discourse mode of “talented lyricist plus amorous affairs,” which exerted far-reaching influence on the construction of the new urban culture in the Song dynasty.


urban narrative cultural construction talented lyricist traveling official 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chen Tingzhuo 陈廷焯 (2006), Baiyuzhai cihua 白雨斋词话 (Cihua in White Rain Study), Beijing: Renmin wenxue chubanshe.Google Scholar
  2. Chen Zhensun 陈振孙 (1987), Zhizhai shulu jieti 直斋书录解题 (Zhizhai content explanation), volume 21, Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.Google Scholar
  3. Fan Zhen 范镇, Song Minqiu 宋敏求 ed. (1997), Chunming tuichao lu 春明退朝录 (Record out of office in Chunming), Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  4. Feng Menglong 冯梦龙 (1981), Gujin xiaoshuo 古今小说 (Ancient and modern novels), Beijing: Renmin wenxue chubanshe.Google Scholar
  5. Hu Ke 胡柯 ed. (1936), Ouyang Wenzhonggong quanji 欧阳文忠公全集 (A complete anthology of Ouyang Xiu), volume 116, Shanghai: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  6. Huang Sheng 黄昇 (1958), Hua’an cixuan 花庵词选 (Ci selections of Hua’an), Hong Kong: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  7. Huangdu fengyue zhuren 皇都风月主人 (1991), Lüchuang xinhua 绿窗新话 (New talks under green window), Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.Google Scholar
  8. Katō Shigeshi’s 加藤繁 (1959), Zhongguo jingjishi kaozheng 中国经济史考证 (Research on history of Chinese economy), Wu Jie 吴杰 tran., Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.Google Scholar
  9. Li Fang 李昉 et. al (1995), Taiping guangji 太平广记 (Records of the Taiping era), Yangzhou: Jiangsu Guangling guji keyin chubanshe.Google Scholar
  10. Li Tao 李焘 (1979), Xu Zizhi tongjian changbian 续资治通鉴长编 (A sequel to comprehensive mirror to aid in government), Hong Kong: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  11. Liu Xu 刘昫 (1975), “Wen Tingyun zhuan” 温庭筠传 (An biography of Wen Tingyun), in Jiu tangshu 旧唐书 (Old chronicle of Tang), volume 140, Shanghai: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  12. Luo Ye 罗烨 (1962), Zuiweng tanlu 醉翁谈录 (Drunk old man’s talks), Taibei: Shijie shuju.Google Scholar
  13. Luo Ye (1998), Xinbian zuiweng tanlu 新编醉翁谈录 (New drunk old man’s talks), Shenyang: Liaoning jiaoyu chubanshe.Google Scholar
  14. Meng Yuanlao 孟元老 et al. (1956), Dongjing menghua lu 东京梦华录 (The dream in the eastern capital), Shanghai: Shanghai gudian wenxue chubanshe.Google Scholar
  15. Shen Jiazhuang 沈家庄 (1994), Cixue lungao 词学论稿 (A discussion of ci studies), Guilin: Guangxi shifan daxue chubanshe.Google Scholar
  16. Su Zhe 苏辙 (2004), Luancheng ji 栾城集 (An anthology of Luancheng), volume 35, Beijing: Beijing tushuguan chubanshe.Google Scholar
  17. Sun Keqiang 孙克强 (1997), Yasu zhibian 雅俗之辩 (Debates on elegance and vulgarity), Beijing: Huawen chubanshe.Google Scholar
  18. Tang Guizhang 唐圭璋 ed. (1993), Cihua congbian 词话丛编 (Edited collection of ci remarks), Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  19. Tang Guizhang (1957), “Liu Yong shiji xinzheng” 柳永事迹新证 (New studies on Liu Yong’s life”), Wenxue yanjiu, no. 3.Google Scholar
  20. Tang Guizhang, Pan Junzhao 潘君昭 (1982). “Lun Liu Yong ci” 论柳永词 (On Liu Yong’s ci lyrics), in Cixue yanjiu lunwen ji 词学研究论文集 (Collected essays on ci studies), Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.Google Scholar
  21. Wang Yigong 王一工 ed. (1992), Qingpingshan tanghuaben 清平山堂话本 (Qingping shantang scripts), Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.Google Scholar
  22. Wang Yongzhao 王永照 (2006), “Chongti Neiteng mingti” 重提内藤命题 (A second discourse on Naito’s theories), Wenxue yanjiu, no. 2.Google Scholar
  23. Wang Zengyu 王增瑜 (1985), “Songchao de fangguohu” 宋朝的坊郭户 (The city dwellers of the Song dynasty), in Song Liao Jin shi luncong 宋辽金史论丛 (Coleleted essays on the hisroy of Song, Liao and Jin), volume1, Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju.Google Scholar
  24. Wu Hui 吴会 (1979), Nenggaizhai manlu 能改斋漫录 (Casual records of the Nenggai studio),volume 1, Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.Google Scholar
  25. Xue Ruisheng 薛瑞生 (1997), Yuezhang ji jiaozhu 乐章集校注 (Collation and annotation of the musical pieces), Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  26. Yao He 姚合 (1997), Yaohe shiji jiaokao 姚合诗集校考 (Annotations to the anthology of Yaohe’s poems), volume 8, Changsha: Yuelu shushe.Google Scholar
  27. Ye Mengde 叶梦得 (1939), Bishu luhua 避暑录话 (Tales recorded in summer holidays), Shanghai: Shangwu yinshuguan.Google Scholar
  28. Zhang Ji 张籍 (1993), Zhang Siye ji 张司业集 (An anthology of Zhang Ji), Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.Google Scholar
  29. Zhou Mi 周密 (2007), Wulin jiushi 武林旧事 (Old affairs of Wulin), Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar
  30. Zhu Mu 祝穆 (2003), Fangyu shenglan 方舆胜览 (The overall survey of geography), volume 10, Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of LiteratureChinese Academy of Social SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations