Journal of Robotic Surgery

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 143–151 | Cite as

Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and previous surgical history: a multidisciplinary approach

  • Adrien N. Bernstein
  • Hugh J. Lavery
  • Adele R. Hobbs
  • Edward Chin
  • David B. Samadi
Original Article

Abstract

Previous abdominal or prostate surgery can be a significant barrier to subsequent minimally invasive procedures, including radical prostatectomy (RP). This is relevant to a quarter of prostatectomy patients who have had previous surgery. The technological advances of robot-assisted laparoscopic RP (RALP) can mitigate some of these challenges. To that end, our objective was to elucidate the effect of previous surgery on RALP, and to describe a multidisciplinary approach to the previously entered abdomen. One-thousand four-hundred and fourteen RALP patients were identified from a single-surgeon database. Potentially difficult cases were discussed preoperatively and treated in a multidisciplinary fashion with a general surgeon. Operative, pathological, and functional outcomes were analyzed after stratification by previous surgical history. Four-hundred and twenty (30 %) patients underwent previous surgery at least once. Perioperative outcomes were similar among most groups. Previous major abdominal surgery was associated with increased operative time (147 vs. 119 min, p < 0.001), as was the presence of adhesions (120 vs. 154 min, p < 0.001). Incidence of complications was comparable, irrespective of surgical history. Major complications included two enterotomies diagnosed intraoperatively and one patient requiring reoperation. All cases were performed robotically, without conversion to open-RP. There was no difference in biochemical disease-free survival among surgical groups and continence and potency were equivalent between groups. In conclusion, previous abdominal surgery did not affect the safety or feasibility of RALP, with all patients experiencing comparable perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes.

Keywords

Radical prostatectomy Prostate cancer Robotics Tissue adhesion Outcomes assessment 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrien N. Bernstein
    • 1
  • Hugh J. Lavery
    • 1
  • Adele R. Hobbs
    • 1
  • Edward Chin
    • 2
  • David B. Samadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyThe Mount Sinai Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of General SurgeryThe Mount Sinai Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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