Journal of Robotic Surgery

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 23–27 | Cite as

Survey of obstetrics and gynecology residents’ training and opinions on robotic surgery

  • Aimee L. Smith
  • Karen M. Schneider
  • Pamela D. Berens
Original Article


To investigate obstetrics and gynecology residents’ access to training in robotics and their opinions of its utility and future in gynecologic surgery a 31-item questionnaire was developed and distributed to Ob/Gyn residents in the United States via email. Results were tabulated via©. A total of 470 residents representative of all ACOG districts and PGY levels responded. A total of 72% of residents reported ≥3 staff surgeons performing robotic gynecologic surgery at their institution and 70% had participated in robotic surgery in the past 12 months. Robotic hysterectomy (81%) and oncologic surgery (76%) were the most frequently performed procedures. A total of 79% believe their institution should provide formal training in robotics, but only 38% report access to it. A total of 23% have operated at the surgeon console, and 44% plan to incorporate robotic surgery into their practice after completing residency. A total of 3.6% feel equipped to perform robotic surgery without additional training. A total of 63% believe robotic surgery in gynecology will continue to increase in popularity. Exposure to gynecologic robotic procedures during residency is increasing. Although residents believe robotics has a place in gynecology, many feel formalized training has not been successfully implemented into their residency. Development of a structured program for training residents in robotics merits further investigation.


Da Vinci® Gynecology Laparoscopy Resident training Robotics 


Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aimee L. Smith
    • 1
    • 2
  • Karen M. Schneider
    • 1
  • Pamela D. Berens
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, and Reproductive SciencesUniversity of Texas Medical School at HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Cleveland Clinic FloridaWestonUSA

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